OWR> Organizational Paths
Filling the Blanks With Fuller
Fuller & New Evangelicalism
Outline this Article:
Introduction to Fuller
Harold Ockenga, J. Edwin Orr,
Armin Gesswein and Henrietta Mears
Charter members: Everett F. Harrison; Carl F. H. Henry; Harold
Lindsell; Wilbur M. Smith
Schools: Messianic Jewish Theological Institute; School of Theology, School of World Missions, School of
Association of Theological Schools
"Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will: The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add
affliction to my bonds:"
Throughout history certain names come to the forefront of causing radical change to the physical Church. Those who belong to the Lord Jesus
will invariably see the
error and confront or remove themselves from that error. The infiltration of gnosticism into most congregations is not something new. Paul dealt with it in the new churches in the first century.
In "Gnosis: The Nature & History of Gnosticism," Kurt Rudolph exposes the true character of Gnosticism as a heresy that infiltrates and
destroys Christianity from within:
" ... The process, which is plain from the New Testament itself, is twofold, the Christianising of Gnosis and the gnosticising of Christianity. The result of both
processes is the canonizing of Christianity as an orthodox Church on the one hand, and the elimination of Gnosis as a heresy on the other. Gnosis as we meet it in the New Testament is understood less as an alien pagan
religion; " rather, it is only dealt with so far as it is a phenomenon within Christianity." The gnostics feel themselves as Christians and present themselves as such ... Thus it is a danger of more from inside
than from outside about which Paul is already said to have given warning. (Acts: 20:29)"1
Acts 20:28-30 "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them."
During the 1930's five people paved the way to change the Biblical
'worldview' of evangelical Christianity to a Manifested Sons of God theological foundation and a reconstructionist agenda. They are: C.E. Fuller,
Harold Ockenga, J. Edwin Orr,
Armin Gesswein and Henrietta Mears.
The trend continues today. Many names which are revered and in leadership began their work with, or are connected to Fuller Theological Seminary, which some
refer to as the Evangelical Think Tank.
Fuller has had three schools: School of Theology, School of Psychology, and the School of World Missions. As we've shown, Fuller Seminary is also fully supporting the Messianic
movement with Hashivenu’s “Messianic Jewish Theological Institute” (MJTI) which is based and in partnership with Fuller Theological Seminary. They will be “Training Mature Leaders, Fostering a Mature Messianic Judaism.”
See: EJECCT 1; EJECCT 2;
From Fuller's website 1a
can read of the founding of Fuller and it's various branches. It's History states,
" With cofounder Harold
Ockenga, theologian-pastor of Park Street Church in Boston, Charles Fuller enlisted outstanding evangelical scholars such as Carl F. H. Henry, Everett F. Harrison, Harold
Lindsell, and Wilbur M. Smith...
The founding Fuller Theological Seminary Trustees were Herbert J. Taylor of Chicago, Arnold Grunigen of San Francisco, Dr. R. C. Logefeil of Minneapolis,
together with Drs. Ockenga and Fuller (chairman).
Charter members of the Fuller faculty who met with Dr. Fuller to launch the
Seminary idea, were Dr.'s Everett F. Harrison, Carl F. H. Henry, Harold Lindsell, and Wilbur M. Smith. See: Charter member Biographies.
Fuller's School of Psychology, established in 1965, became the only seminary-based graduate school of psychology to be accredited by the
American Psychological Association. From Fuller's web page 2a
about this school
"Fuller's School of Psychology places "the cross in
the heart of psychology," integrating the Christian faith with today's mental health services.
We're not to Christianize things of the occult or unite with the occult. On the contrary, Scripture reminds us:
Ephesians 5:9-11 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord. And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them."
2 Corinthians 6:14 "Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?"
An article titled " ‘Evangelical
Cal Tech’ turns 50" 3
by Timothy Rutt, reveals,
"...According to historian George M. Marsden, who wrote a 1987 history of Fuller, "Reforming Fundamentalism," conservative Christian
leaders were growing alarmed at the turn toward modernism in mainline seminaries in the early years of the 20th century. One of these leaders, Boston pastor and theologian Harold J. Ockenga, was also
about the poor scholarship in the remaining evangelical seminaries and the narrowness of denomination-based colleges...
Ockenga was tapped by Charles Fuller in 1946 to be the president of his planned school of missions and evangelism. But Ockenga proposed to Fuller an expanded vision: creation of an
institution nurturing scholars to write the books necessary to give evangelicalism – the new term being applied to the moderate, non-separatist fundamentalists -- intellectual weight..."
"Christianity Today"3a magazine,
Campus Crusade for Christ, 3b
nondenominational churches and parachurch movements, and evangelist Billy Graham
– all have ties to Fuller Theological Seminary. 3d"
informs us about, "...The School of World Mission. In 1961, Dr. Donald A. McGavran
founded at Eugene, Oregon, a graduate research and teaching center based on the belief that the growth of the church is the chief and irreplaceable function of Christian mission. The Institute of Church Growth
flourished, supported by Northwest Christian College.... September 1, 1965, the School of World Mission and Institute of Church Growth became the third in the Fuller complex of schools,...The School of World Mission
expanded its outreach in 1980, when Fuller Theological Seminary joined with the Fuller Evangelistic Association in the establishment of the Charles E. Fuller Institute of Evangelism and Church Growth. This institute, no
longer affiliated with Fuller Seminary, provides churches with training, research and service in evangelism and church growth..."
Mission to the Global Village
reveals some of the connections and impact Fuller
has today. 3f
The Woodbury Vision for the 21st Century states, in the article Toward the 21st Century:
Educating People for God's Mission by J. Dudley Woodberry of the School of World Mission,
states this about their Missions goal:
"...A biblical educational vision for mission might be summarized as Equipping leaders to incarnate the good news of God's reign among all peoples. To avoid ambiguity this statement can be
fleshed out as follows: Equipping disciples of Christ as leaders to make disciples among all peoples by incarnating the good news of God's reign in Christ in their cultural context so that people might be converted
and gathered into multiplying churches where God's Word is taught (Mt 24:14; 28:19-20, 2 Tim 2:2). This vision is a "kingdom missiology" which holds firmly to the centrality of conversion and church
planting while recognizing that the good news applies to all of life, and God's reign through his Spirit extends beyond the Church."
..."Among all peoples" refers to the groupings of people from the smallest units to the major civilizations defined by world religion, ideology, or cultural heritage.
"Incarnating . . . in their cultural contexts" denotes modeling and
"...The values that drive missiological education tend to be couplets that are in creative tension with the balance and emphasis being influenced by the context and desired outcomes. They are:
- evangelistic passion -- holism of the gospel
- evangelical -- ecumenical
- contextual -- global
- learning from history -- preparing for the future
- academic quality -- practical relevance
- excellence -- empowerment
- recognized standards -- flexible
- strong center -- extended partnerships
- stable -- responsive to opportunities
- integrated programs -- modular offerings
- mentoring individuals -- equipping the many " 4
Fuller Theological Seminary also houses the DAVID DU PLESSIS ARCHIVE which collections,
"document religious movements rooted in twentieth-century America
such as Pentecostalism and classical evangelicalism..."5. It opened in
1986, and was applauded by such as Charisma magazine. The Center was placed under the leadership of Assemblies of God minister, Dr. Russell Spittler, who was also Associate Dean of Fuller's School of Theology.
The collections 5a
of documents and papers, include those of Charles E. Fuller, David J. du Plessis (1905-1987)
Joseph Mattsson-Boze (1905-1989) 5c, who became a
leader in the "Latter Rain," a splinter movement within Pentecostalism in the 1940s and 1950s.; Anthony DeGregorio (d. 1987); Frances Ure (1982-1987) and The Society for Pentecostal Studies (1970-)
In 1998, Fuller Theological Seminary received a Lilly Endowment as a
technology grant.5d The Lilly Company is found at
"Fuller Seminary was one of thirty-one theological schools nationwide to participate in a $6.8 million program during 1998-2000 to enhance the use of "Information Technology
for Theological Teaching". Each school received grants totaling $210,000 to implement a project that would incorporate new technologies in its on-campus teaching and learning in the basic ministerial programs...This
website is provided in a cooperative effort for all grant recipients to gain access, through the services of the
Wabash Center 5e, to
each school's Grant documents in order to exchange important planning information." 6.
The Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion, is an ecumenical venture that deals with
Evangelical, Catholic, Charismatic, Judaic, Jesuit, etc. and as well as secular institutions and persons. Their website
lists are presented by both Name
6b and Schools.6c Wabash Center is part of
Wabash College 6d, a men's college founded in 1832. It is a:
independent, four year liberal arts college for men, granting Bachelor of Arts degree....Caleb Mills taught the first class of Wabash students in 1833 in Forest Hall, located since 1965 at the north end of campus and now
home to the Office of Career Services and the Lilly Initiative in Higher Education."
Their history 6e
"...The college would be located in the frontier town
of Crawfordsville, Indiana, with the resolve "that the institution be at first a classical and English high school, rising into a college as soon as the wants of the country demand.....Caleb Mills later became the
father of the Indiana public school system and worked tirelessly to improve education in the entire Mississippi Valley....Wabash College has always been independent and non-sectarian, although its founders and Caleb
Mills were Presbyterian ministers. The school was patterned after the conservative liberal arts colleges of New England, with their high standards. Caleb Mills declared the aims of the college to be learning, virtue, and
The Eli Lilly Company, 7: Eli Lilly and Company is a global, research-based company founded by
Colonel Eli Lilly in 1876 in Indianapolis, Indiana. The Lilly Company, which gave Fuller the Lilly Endowment, is a pharmaceutical company which has a checkered past. Their website states,
"...Lilly medicines treat depression, schizophrenia, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis and many other diseases. They create value for patients, healthcare providers and
payers, and reduce the cost of disease..." 8
"Lilly Research Laboratories
(LRL), is responsible for the discovery, development, and clinical evaluation of our pharmaceutical products and for providing
ongoing scientific support for marketed products..."
Many sources concur that Lily's involvement as an LSD
supplier is historical fact. "The CIA and Military Mind Control Research:
Building the Manchurian Candidate," a lecture by Dr. Colin Ross, was delivered on the Radio station CKLN-FM 88.1 Toronto - International Connection on March 16, 23, 30, 1997.
Ross is a Canadian psychiatrist specializing in MPD (multilple personality disorder) and is currently practicing in Texas. Obviously we are not in any way in agreement with his field of employment. However, being involved in the field gives one an
inside knowledge of what takes place.
The lecture, originally given to his colleagues at the 9th Annual Western Clinical Conference on Trauma and Dissociation, April 18, 1996, Orange County, California, was about the history of the U.S. CIA and military mind control programs. His research information came from
thousands of declassified government and CIA documents, which concerned
their involvement in mind control research programs.
Canada's own CIA contracted involvement centered around Dr. Allen Cameron's projects at the McGill University and the Allan Memorial Institute in Montreal, although there are many more that have
participated. Many of Cameron's unknowing experimental test subjects have successfully sued the CIA for damages. The experimental use of LSD was encouraged among CIA employees, students and academics. Timothy Leary
and his occult teachings were as a result of participation in those LSD experiments. According to Colin Ross,
"...Bluebird and Artichoke were two
[CIA] programs that ran from 1951-53 ... These were then rolled over into MKULTRA which ran from 1953 to 1963 and then there are 149 sub-projects...That was then administratively rolled over into
MKSEARCH which ran until 1973. Contiguously with that, and in collaboration with Edgeware Arsenal, MKNAOMI which involved MKULTRA, ARTICHOKE and BLUEBIRD type research done abroad and nationally ran from 1953 to 1970. This involves all kinds of hallucinogens, hypnosis
and so on that I will go into in detail. STARGATE just recently declassified E.S.P., paranormal, remote viewing, military uses of telekinesis type research that was done from an uncertain start date up until 1984. Bill Gates, former
Director of the CIA on ABC's Dateline in December of 1995 said that it ran up until 1984.
...In MKULTRA there were 149 different sub-projects and these were not in obscure little corners of the world. This is the American Psychological Association, this is the Butler Hospital Health
Centre which is part of Harvard, Children's International Summer Village Columbia University, Cornell, Denver, Emory, Florida, George Washington, Harvard... Houston, Illinois, Indiana Universities, Johns Hopkins, Eli Lilly was the big supplier of LSD to the
CIA....Sandoz was the employer of Hoffman who discovered LSD in the forties, and Sandoz was the original supplier of LSD to the CIA and the
military in the 1950's and they wanted a secure American supplier so they contracted with Eli Lilly to become the developer.
...The major funding fronts for MKULTRA were the Human Ecology Foundation that Carl Rogers was on the Board of; the Josiah Macey Jr. Foundation, and the Geshickter Fund. Charles Geshickter
was one of the MKULTRA contractors himself... MKULTRA connects itself up to Allen Dulles which connects us back to Human Ecology over to Harold Wolff and back to Allen Dulles. How does that work? Allen Dulles was the Director of the CIA from 1953 to 1961..."
Note: Carl Rogers developed "Rogerian Therapy".
"...Rogerian therapy, also referred to as
client-centered therapy,, person-centered therapy,, and nondirective therapy, is based on the
psychology theories of Carl Rogers. Rogers, along with Abraham Maslow and Rollo May and
to some extent the work of Jung, Adler, Horney, Kohut, and Allport, were the major forces in the
humanistic movement, often called the "third force movement in
contemporary psychology" (Ryckman, 1997, p. 435) The major tenets of humanism and Rogers's personality theory are that humans are basically good and have an inborn, intuitive sense of what is beneficial for their
individual selves; that their natural inclination is a creative, growth process that strives toward self-fulfillment or
self-actualization of each individual's
innate potentials, and that individuals are free to chose their own personal direction and goals based on their own subjective perspective
(Hiemstra & Brockett, 1994; Ryckman, 1997a, 1997b)...." 11
Adherent of Rogerian therapy who started a clinic were involved in one of the largest malpractice suits in
California's history. "...Rogers stated in his 1961 On Becoming a Person: “When I try to teach, as I do sometimes, I am appalled by the results... the results are damaging... Hence
I have come to feel that the outcomes of teaching are either unimportant or hurtful.”...Coulson
(an associate) later said that both he and Rogers encouraged
students to trust their evil impulses....Consider Rogers’ chilling warning: “We can choose to use our growing knowledge to enslave people in ways never
dreamed of before, depersonalizing them, controlling them by means so carefully selected that they will perhaps never be aware of their loss of personhood.”"
Another article about Eli Lilly, cites from The Big Book of Conspiracies by Doug
" These "special operations" were funded by the CIA through various intermediaries. Some had
large financial interests in drug experiments. One such company was the Eli Lilly Company who told the CIA at its height of LSD manufacture that it could supply tons of the drug. George Bush, who was a CIA director and director
of the President's U.S. Drug Task Force, was also director of Eli Lilly Company from 1977-1979.
(The Big Book of Conspiracies, Doug Moench,p. 111). 13
Other recipients of Lilly Endowments have included the Rockefeller funded and ecumenical Association of Theological Schools and also Search Institute which lists the following dates for
receiving Lilly grants:
Lilly Endowment provides $50,000 for the Youth Ministry project;
Two major projects are under way: Readiness for Ministry for the Association of
Theological Schools, funded by the Lilly Endowment;
The Lilly Endowment's rejection of a much-hoped-for national training center for youth
work professionals is a major disappointment.
Readiness for Ministry project is successfully completed. Lilly Endowment awards
additional funds to introduce the program to Association of Theological Schools
seminaries over a six-year period.
"1981 Lilly Endowment awards grant of $273,000 for the Study of Early Adolescents and
"1988 A landmark study begins: Effective Christian Education: A National Study of
Protestant Congregations, funded by the Lilly Endowment. "
Search Institute is a psychology based, not-for-profit, ecumenical Youth Research organization. It is supported by grants and contracts from foundations, corporations,
and government agencies, proceeds from the sales of products and services, and tax-deductible contributions from individuals and organizations.
The Association of Theological Schools
(ATS), also a recipient, is an
ecumenical organization with numerous members
listed. Their ATS Fact Book has been published annually by The Association of Theological Schools since 1969. "The 1999-2000 edition presents a
wide range of information on the more than 237 Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox theological schools in the United States and Canada that are members of the Association."
& Search Insitute. for further analysis and connections of these organizations..
Another recipient of the Lilly Endowment has included the ecumenical Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) congregations, who wish to pattern their ministry after Fuller, with one
project called the Bethany Project, "The Bethany Project 15
-- The Bethany Project is a pilot project in congregational revitalization funded by the
Lilly Endowment, for the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)." 16
2 Peter 2:20-21
For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.
1. Kurt Rudolph, "Gnosis: The Nature & History of Gnosticism", p.300, Harper & Row, Publishers, 1977
3. Evangelical Cal Tech Turns 50 , Timothy
Copyright . All articles are the sole property of SeekGod.ca and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.
Do You KNOW Jesus
Now is the time
to accept Jesus as your Lord and Savior. "Behold now is the
accepted time; behold now is the day of salvation."
If you read only one article on this
please let it be:
Plan of Salvation.
It concerns the most important
you will ever make in your life!
Don't let this
opportunity to be saved pass you by.
If you don't know Jesus Christ as your Lord and
Savior, and would like some help understanding His gift of
eternal salvation, please contact us. Saying a prayer
won't save you. Prayer is merely expressing to God how you
feel. Believing and repenting are just the beginning of
walking with Jesus Christ as Lord and