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Filling the Blanks With Fuller

Fuller & New Evangelicalism


Outline this Article:


Introduction to Fuller

Key people: C.E. Fuller, Harold Ockenga, J. Edwin Orr, Armin Gesswein and Henrietta Mears


Charter members: Everett F. Harrison; Carl F. H. Henry; Harold Lindsell; Wilbur M. Smith

Schools: Messianic Jewish Theological Institute; School of Theology, School of World Missions, School of Psychology 

Eli Lilly

Association of Theological Schools

Search Institute

Philippians 1:15-16

"Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will: The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds:"

Throughout history certain names come to the forefront of causing radical change to the physical Church. Those who belong to the Lord Jesus Christ will invariably see the error and confront or remove themselves from that error. The infiltration of gnosticism into most congregations is not something new. Paul dealt with it in the new churches in the first century.  

In "Gnosis: The Nature & History of Gnosticism," Kurt Rudolph exposes the true character of Gnosticism as a heresy that infiltrates and destroys Christianity from within:

" ... The process, which is plain from the New Testament itself, is twofold, the Christianising of Gnosis and the gnosticising of Christianity. The result of both processes is the canonizing of Christianity as an orthodox Church on the one hand, and the elimination of Gnosis as a heresy on the other. Gnosis as we meet it in the New Testament is understood less as an alien pagan religion; " rather, it is only dealt with so far as it is a phenomenon within Christianity." The gnostics feel themselves as Christians and present themselves as such ... Thus it is a danger of more from inside than from outside about which Paul is already said to have given warning. (Acts: 20:29)"1 

Acts 20:28-30 "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them."

During the 1930's five people paved the way to change the Biblical 'worldview' of evangelical Christianity to a Manifested Sons of God theological foundation and a reconstructionist agenda. They are: C.E. Fuller, Harold Ockenga, J. Edwin Orr, Armin Gesswein and Henrietta Mears.

The trend continues today. Many names which are revered and in leadership began their work with, or are connected to Fuller Theological Seminary, which some refer to as the Evangelical Think Tank. 

Fuller has had three schools: School of Theology, School of Psychology, and the School of World Missions. As we've shown, Fuller Seminary is also fully supporting the Messianic movement with Hashivenu’s “Messianic Jewish Theological Institute” (MJTI) which is based and in partnership with Fuller Theological Seminary. They will be “Training Mature Leaders, Fostering a Mature Messianic Judaism.” See: EJECCT 1; EJECCT 2; etc. 

From Fuller's website 1a one can read of the founding of Fuller and it's various branches. It's History states,  " With cofounder Harold Ockenga, theologian-pastor of Park Street Church in Boston, Charles Fuller enlisted outstanding evangelical scholars such as Carl F. H. Henry, Everett F. Harrison, Harold Lindsell, and Wilbur M. Smith... "2

The founding Fuller Theological Seminary Trustees were Herbert J. Taylor of Chicago, Arnold Grunigen of San Francisco, Dr. R. C. Logefeil of Minneapolis, together with Drs. Ockenga and Fuller (chairman). 

Charter members of the Fuller faculty who met with Dr. Fuller to launch the Seminary idea, were Dr.'s Everett F. Harrison, Carl F. H. Henry, Harold Lindsell, and Wilbur M. Smith. See: Charter member Biographies.

Fuller's School of Psychology, established in 1965, became the only seminary-based graduate school of psychology to be accredited by the American Psychological Association. From Fuller's web page 2a about this school "Fuller's School of Psychology places "the cross in the heart of psychology," integrating the Christian faith with today's mental health services. "

We're not to Christianize things of the occult or unite with the occult. On the contrary, Scripture reminds us: 

Ephesians 5:9-11 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord. And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them."

2 Corinthians 6:14 "Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?"

An article titled " ‘Evangelical Cal Tech’ turns 50"
3 by Timothy Rutt, reveals, 

"...According to historian George M. Marsden, who wrote a 1987 history of Fuller, "Reforming Fundamentalism," conservative Christian leaders were growing alarmed at the turn toward modernism in mainline seminaries in the early years of the 20th century. One of these leaders, Boston pastor and theologian Harold J. Ockenga, was also concerned about the poor scholarship in the remaining evangelical seminaries and the narrowness of denomination-based colleges...

Ockenga was tapped by Charles Fuller in 1946 to be the president of his planned school of missions and evangelism. But Ockenga proposed to Fuller an expanded vision: creation of an institution nurturing scholars to write the books necessary to give evangelicalism – the new term being applied to the moderate, non-separatist fundamentalists -- intellectual weight..."

"Christianity Today"3a magazine, Campus Crusade for Christ, 3b nondenominational churches and parachurch movements, and evangelist Billy Graham 3c – all have ties to Fuller Theological Seminary. 3d

Fuller History informs us about, "...The School of World Mission. In 1961, Dr. Donald A. McGavran founded at Eugene, Oregon, a graduate research and teaching center based on the belief that the growth of the church is the chief and irreplaceable function of Christian mission. The Institute of Church Growth flourished, supported by Northwest Christian College.... September 1, 1965, the School of World Mission and Institute of Church Growth became the third in the Fuller complex of schools,...The School of World Mission expanded its outreach in 1980, when Fuller Theological Seminary joined with the Fuller Evangelistic Association in the establishment of the Charles E. Fuller Institute of Evangelism and Church Growth. This institute, no longer affiliated with Fuller Seminary, provides churches with training, research and service in evangelism and church growth..." 3e

Mission to the Global Village reveals some of the connections and impact Fuller has today. 3f

The Woodbury Vision for the 21st Century states, in the article Toward the 21st Century: Educating People for God's Mission by J. Dudley Woodberry of the School of World Mission, states this about their Missions goal: 

"...A biblical educational vision for mission might be summarized as Equipping leaders to incarnate the good news of God's reign among all peoples. To avoid ambiguity this statement can be fleshed out as follows: Equipping disciples of Christ as leaders to make disciples among all peoples by incarnating the good news of God's reign in Christ in their cultural context so that people might be converted and gathered into multiplying churches where God's Word is taught (Mt 24:14; 28:19-20, 2 Tim 2:2). This vision is a "kingdom missiology" which holds firmly to the centrality of conversion and church planting while recognizing that the good news applies to all of life, and God's reign through his Spirit extends beyond the Church."

..."Among all peoples" refers to the groupings of people from the smallest units to the major civilizations defined by world religion, ideology, or cultural heritage.

"Incarnating . . . in their cultural contexts" denotes modeling and contextualization."

"...The values that drive missiological education tend to be couplets that are in creative tension with the balance and emphasis being influenced by the context and desired outcomes. They are:

  • evangelistic passion -- holism of the gospel
  • evangelical -- ecumenical
  • contextual -- global
  • learning from history -- preparing for the future
  • academic quality -- practical relevance
  • excellence -- empowerment
  • recognized standards -- flexible
  • strong center -- extended partnerships
  • stable -- responsive to opportunities
  • integrated programs -- modular offerings
  • mentoring individuals -- equipping the many " 4

Fuller Theological Seminary also houses the DAVID DU PLESSIS ARCHIVE which collections, "document religious movements rooted in twentieth-century America such as Pentecostalism and classical evangelicalism..."5.  It opened in 1986, and was applauded by such as Charisma magazine. The Center was placed under the leadership of Assemblies of God minister, Dr. Russell Spittler, who was also Associate Dean of Fuller's School of Theology.

The collections 5a of documents and papers, include those of  Charles E. Fuller, David J. du Plessis (1905-1987) 5b; Joseph Mattsson-Boze (1905-1989) 5c, who became a leader in the "Latter Rain," a splinter movement within Pentecostalism in the 1940s and 1950s.; Anthony DeGregorio (d. 1987); Frances Ure (1982-1987) and The Society for Pentecostal Studies (1970-)

In 1998, Fuller Theological Seminary received a Lilly Endowment as a technology grant.5d The Lilly Company is found at 

"Fuller Seminary was one of thirty-one theological schools nationwide to participate in a $6.8 million program during 1998-2000 to enhance the use of "Information Technology for Theological Teaching". Each school received grants totaling $210,000 to implement a project that would incorporate new technologies in its on-campus teaching and learning in the basic ministerial programs...This website is provided in a cooperative effort for all grant recipients to gain access, through the services of the Wabash Center 5e, to each school's Grant documents in order to exchange important planning information." 6.

The Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion, is an ecumenical venture that deals with Evangelical, Catholic, Charismatic, Judaic, Jesuit, etc. and as well as secular institutions and persons. Their website Participants 6a lists are presented by both Name 6b and Schools.6c Wabash Center is part of Wabash College 6d, a men's college founded in 1832. It is a:

 "Private, independent, four year liberal arts college for men, granting Bachelor of Arts degree....Caleb Mills taught the first class of Wabash students in 1833 in Forest Hall, located since 1965 at the north end of campus and now home to the Office of Career Services and the Lilly Initiative in Higher Education."

Their history 6e "...The college would be located in the frontier town of Crawfordsville, Indiana, with the resolve "that the institution be at first a classical and English high school, rising into a college as soon as the wants of the country demand.....Caleb Mills later became the father of the Indiana public school system and worked tirelessly to improve education in the entire Mississippi Valley....Wabash College has always been independent and non-sectarian, although its founders and Caleb Mills were Presbyterian ministers. The school was patterned after the conservative liberal arts colleges of New England, with their high standards. Caleb Mills declared the aims of the college to be learning, virtue, and service."

The Eli Lilly Company, 7: Eli Lilly and Company is a global, research-based company founded by Colonel Eli Lilly in 1876 in Indianapolis, Indiana. The Lilly Company, which gave Fuller the Lilly Endowment, is a pharmaceutical company which has a checkered past. Their website states, "...Lilly medicines treat depression, schizophrenia, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis and many other diseases. They create value for patients, healthcare providers and payers, and reduce the cost of disease..." 8

 "Lilly Research Laboratories (LRL), is responsible for the discovery, development, and clinical evaluation of our pharmaceutical products and for providing ongoing scientific support for marketed products..." 9. 

Many sources concur that Lily's involvement as an LSD supplier is historical fact. "The CIA and Military Mind Control Research: Building the Manchurian Candidate," a lecture by Dr. Colin Ross, was delivered on the Radio station CKLN-FM 88.1 Toronto - International Connection on March 16, 23, 30, 1997. 10  

Dr. Ross is a Canadian psychiatrist specializing in MPD (multilple personality disorder) and is currently practicing in Texas. Obviously we are not in any way in agreement with his field of employment. However, being involved in the field gives one an inside knowledge of what takes place.

The lecture, originally given to his colleagues at the 9th Annual Western Clinical Conference on Trauma and Dissociation, April 18, 1996, Orange County, California, was about the history of the U.S. CIA and military mind control programs. His research information came from thousands of  declassified government and CIA documents, which concerned their involvement in mind control research programs. 

Canada's own CIA contracted involvement centered around Dr. Allen Cameron's projects at the McGill University and the Allan Memorial Institute in Montreal, although there are many more that have participated. Many of Cameron's unknowing experimental test subjects have successfully sued the CIA for damages. The experimental use of LSD was encouraged among CIA employees, students and academics. Timothy Leary and his occult teachings were as a result of participation in those LSD experiments. According to Colin Ross, 

"...Bluebird and Artichoke were two [CIA] programs that ran from 1951-53 ... These were then rolled over into MKULTRA which ran from 1953 to 1963 and then there are 149 sub-projects...That was then administratively rolled over into MKSEARCH which ran until 1973. Contiguously with that, and in collaboration with Edgeware Arsenal, MKNAOMI which involved MKULTRA, ARTICHOKE and BLUEBIRD type research done abroad and nationally ran from 1953 to 1970. This involves all kinds of hallucinogens, hypnosis and so on that I will go into in detail. STARGATE just recently declassified E.S.P., paranormal, remote viewing, military uses of telekinesis type research that was done from an uncertain start date up  until 1984. Bill Gates, former Director of the CIA on ABC's Dateline in December of 1995 said that it ran up until 1984.

...In MKULTRA there were 149 different sub-projects and these were not in obscure little corners of the world. This is the American Psychological Association, this is the Butler Hospital Health Centre which is part of Harvard, Children's International Summer Village Columbia University, Cornell, Denver, Emory, Florida, George Washington, Harvard... Houston, Illinois, Indiana Universities, Johns Hopkins, Eli Lilly was the big supplier of LSD to the CIA....Sandoz was the employer of Hoffman who discovered LSD in the forties, and Sandoz was the original supplier of LSD to the CIA and the military in the 1950's and they wanted a secure American supplier so they contracted with Eli Lilly to become the developer. 

...The major funding fronts for MKULTRA were the Human Ecology Foundation that Carl Rogers was on the Board of; the Josiah Macey Jr. Foundation, and the Geshickter Fund. Charles Geshickter was one of the MKULTRA contractors himself... MKULTRA connects itself up to Allen Dulles which connects us back to Human Ecology over to Harold Wolff and back to Allen Dulles. How does that work? Allen Dulles was the Director of the CIA from 1953 to 1961..." 

Note: Carl Rogers developed "Rogerian Therapy". 

"...Rogerian therapy, also referred to as client-centered therapy,, person-centered therapy,, and nondirective therapy, is based on the humanistic psychology theories of Carl Rogers. Rogers, along with Abraham Maslow and Rollo May and to some extent the work of Jung, Adler, Horney, Kohut, and Allport, were the major forces in the humanistic movement, often called the "third force movement in contemporary psychology" (Ryckman, 1997, p. 435) The major tenets of humanism and Rogers's personality theory are that humans are basically good and have an inborn, intuitive sense of what is beneficial for their individual selves; that their natural inclination is a creative, growth process that strives toward self-fulfillment or self-actualization of each individual's innate potentials, and that individuals are free to chose their own personal direction and goals based on their own subjective perspective (Hiemstra & Brockett, 1994; Ryckman, 1997a,  1997b)...." 11 

Adherent of Rogerian therapy who started a clinic were involved in one of the largest malpractice suits in California's history. "...Rogers stated in his 1961 On Becoming a Person: “When I try to teach, as I do sometimes, I am appalled by the results... the results are damaging... Hence I have come to feel that the outcomes of teaching are either unimportant or hurtful.”...Coulson (an associate) later said that both he and Rogers encouraged students to trust their evil impulses....Consider Rogers’ chilling warning: “We can choose to use our growing knowledge to enslave people in ways never dreamed of before, depersonalizing them, controlling them by means so carefully selected that they will perhaps never be aware of their loss of personhood.”" 12   

Another article about Eli Lilly, cites from The Big Book of Conspiracies by Doug Moench.

" These "special operations" were funded by the CIA through various intermediaries. Some had large financial interests in drug experiments. One such company was the Eli Lilly Company who told the CIA at its height of LSD manufacture that it could supply tons of the drug. George Bush, who was a CIA director and director of the President's U.S. Drug Task Force, was also director of Eli Lilly Company from 1977-1979. (The Big Book of Conspiracies, Doug Moench,p. 111). 13  

Other recipients of Lilly Endowments have included the Rockefeller funded and ecumenical Association of Theological Schools and also Search Institute which lists the following dates for receiving Lilly grants: 

"1966, received Lilly Endowment provides $50,000 for the Youth Ministry project; 

"1974, Two major projects are under way: Readiness for Ministry for the Association of Theological Schools, funded by the Lilly Endowment; 

The Lilly Endowment's rejection of a much-hoped-for national training center for youth work professionals is a major disappointment. 

"1976  Readiness for Ministry project is successfully completed. Lilly Endowment awards additional funds to introduce the program to Association of Theological Schools seminaries over a six-year period. 

"1981 Lilly Endowment awards grant of $273,000 for the Study of Early Adolescents and Their Parents. 

"1988 A landmark study begins: Effective Christian Education: A National Study of Protestant Congregations, funded by the Lilly Endowment. " 14

Search Institute is a psychology based, not-for-profit, ecumenical Youth Research organization. It is supported by grants and contracts from foundations, corporations, and government agencies, proceeds from the sales of products and services, and tax-deductible contributions from individuals and organizations.

The Association of Theological Schools (ATS), also a recipient, is an ecumenical organization with numerous members listed. Their ATS Fact Book has been published annually by The Association of Theological Schools since 1969. "The 1999-2000 edition presents a wide range of information on the more than 237 Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox theological schools in the United States and Canada that are members of the Association." 

See ATS & Search Insitute. for further analysis and connections of these organizations..

Another recipient of the Lilly Endowment has included the ecumenical Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) congregations, who wish to pattern their ministry after Fuller, with one project called the  Bethany Project, "The Bethany Project 15 -- The Bethany Project is a pilot project in congregational revitalization funded by the Lilly Endowment, for the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)." 16 

2 Peter 2:20-21

For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them.


Next Section: New Evangelicalism


1. Kurt Rudolph, "Gnosis: The Nature & History of Gnosticism", p.300, Harper & Row, Publishers, 1977




3. Evangelical Cal Tech Turns 50 , Timothy Rutt,






























Copyright . All articles are the sole property of and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.

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