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A Different View of Mel Gibson's 

"The Passion of The Christ"

Part 1

February 25, 2004

* Updated February 27, 2004

Updated February 29, 2004 

I do not normally do movie reviews. Simply put, I don't normally go to movies. I specifically do not normally attend secular movies about Biblical events. To me, these types of things are a non-issue. 

However, the last few months I have been asked to do an article about Mel Gibson's "The Passion of The Christ", amidst ever increasing email concerning it and various reviews. In fact the emails have even come from practicing Jews, commenting on the position of the ADL [Anti-Defamation League], and their then analysis of that position. Fortunately, a few of my trusted friends, who are grounded in the Word, were willing to go with notebook in hand, and deal with the final details needed for this article. Quite frankly, I did not wish to attend, and fully appreciate their willingness to help in this way.

Those who wish to challenge my right to speak on this movie, saying I cannot, since I have not actually sat in a theater, have not bothered to show any inaccuracies in my movie quotes supplied by those friends who did attend, who are scripturally sound, and who took at least five pages of notes. Some attended more than once to clarify details, and  collectively saw the movie seven times at the time the details were presented to me. 

None have refuted any of the factual information or Scriptural analysis which proves this movie to be another gospel and present another Jesus. Some have taken this attitude towards these articles, despite all the media reports over the last year discussing the movie within the press. And that is beside the number of pastors, who call it Biblically and historically correct, who based their support of the movie on their seeing the 4 minute promotional trailer provided by Mel Gibson to major religious leaders, in order to obtain their endorsement of it, and the resulting grassroots embracement of the movie. 

Galatians 1:7-10

  Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
9 As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
10 For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.

I have watched the increasing fervor over a movie that, if of a different topic, many Christians would, I should think, never attend simply because it is rated "R", meaning Restricted, and children under 17 must be accompanied by an adult or guardian. The R rating is due to the graphic violence. Various comments describing it have included the terms: bloody, gory, horrific, horrendous, gruesome, sickening, like the exorcist, a snuff film without the pornography. Despite that children and youth are attending, some even in their church youth groups, many having declared the events as, "The Truth", and "the way it really was." 

The movie is filmed with the actors speaking in Aramaic and Latin, with limited English subtitles. 

Yet, despite the R rating, and lack of understandable dialogue, it is being hailed by some, such as the American Tract Society, as "One of the Greatest Opportunities for Evangelism in 2000 years!"... "Be Ready! People will react to this movie’s deep and moving experience with Jesus" 1  

I was reminded of this verse stated by the Apostle Paul: 

1 Corinthians 14:19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue. [KJV]

My first question, of course, is, what would constitute a deep moving experience with Jesus, who is portrayed by an actor? Jesus was without sin. There is no one who can portray Him, but He Himself. Those statements would infer it would be a Biblically accurate portrayal as to what is in the Word of God regarding who Christ is, with no changes, additions or deviations in the portrayed events or the actual Gospel Message of Jesus Christ. Because to add to or change the Word of God, is forbidden by God Himself. 

The movie received accolades from Christian organizations and leadership who had pre-viewed "The Passion of The Christ" because they stated it is "Scriptural" and/or historically "correct." Billy Graham, [Late] Bill Bright, Ted Haggard, James Dobson, Robert Schuller, Tim LaHaye, pastors and many, many more, including mainstream secular press, have simply endorsed this movie, or endorsed it as being Scripturally and/or historically correct.

In one of the many television reports on "The Passion", an NBC news reporter discussed the "targeted marketing campaign", and how there was a "Passion of The Christ" race car running on the NASCAR circuit. She then spoke about the NRB Convention [National Religious Broadcasters] in Charlotte, North Carolina, and how the film was being promoted there. 

"NRB's sixteen hundred members including radio, TV, and internet organizations reach as many as 140,000,000 Americans each month, a potentially powerful influence to sell tickets, and ultimately they hope, save souls. And the irony that Hollywood, long the object of scorn may help their cause, is not lost on their leaders". 

The reporter then showed a short clip from an interview with Dr. Frank Wright, President of the NRB, in which he stated, " It is a sense in which this film coming out of Hollywood is a great encouragement, because it's showing the Christian religion in a respectful, and more positive light than others have done."

Many channels such as PAX, and Sky Angel, the only Christian satellite system, ran specials about the making of "The Passion." As an aside, it is reported that while exhibiting at last years NRB, Michael Rood, who this author has written extensively about, made contact with Sky Angel, which is now broadcasting his anti Christian teachings on Sky Angel One and Two. Both Sky Angel and the NRB claim their mission is to promote the Gospel of Jesus Christ. For more on this please see Michael Rood,  Sky Angel , Ron Wyatt & The National Religious Broadcasters

Unbelievably, entire churches and organizations have purchased tickets, some thousands at a time, for "Christians" to take an unsaved friend to watch "The Passion of The Christ" with, that they themselves have not even seen. That's either a step of faith in Mel Gibson and his spiritual beliefs, or an act of total foolishness with little or no understanding of Scriptural truth. 

Does Mel Gibson's portrayal of Jesus in his, "The Passion of The Christ", actually portray the events as presented to us in the Scriptures, and historically correct? Is the focus on the embellished torture and violence, proven to the Word of God? Mr. Gibson has explained quite thoroughly that he wanted to push it to the extreme, "over the edge" as he put it.

If it is proven to be less than accurate, or portraying a particular belief system, or contrary to Scripture or historical facts, would the same announcements that it is an evangelism tool be proclaimed? Would these same people be scrambling to go to a movie of "another gospel" and "another Jesus"? 

2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtlety, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
4 For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with him.
[KJV]

The disciples and others knew that Jesus was the Messiah, and God manifest in the flesh, by the miracles He did and the things He taught, and that is fully eliminated in the movie. Rather, the central theme is the torture and crucifixion, with about one minute at the end, on a view of a burial cloth deflating and then reveals "Christ" exiting the tomb, with a shot that implies he is fully naked. He appears for approximately 12-15 seconds total. Those minute seconds depicting the "resurrection" out of the total running time of 125 minutes. The credits observed more time.

The central theme of the four Gospels is salvation through Jesus Christ and how to live a life of love. Is God glorified or is man's attempt to reconstruct His bloody death glorified? 

The descriptions of the garden to the crucifixion in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are straightforward, without embellishment. Yes, the Biblical record of events show He was scourged, He was hit, spit on, slapped, hit with a reed, mocked, and so on. Those things were all proclaimed prophetically by Jesus in the Gospels, while He taught that He was the fulfillment of the Messiah prophecies, such as Psalm 22. Prophecy in Isaiah 50, reveals that His hair was plucked out, another issue eliminated from the movie. 

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
7 For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.
[KJV]

Other writers, like Paul refer only to Jesus death, as "Him crucified" and Peter quotes one verse from Isaiah 53.  

Is the intent of this movie the same gospel message that Jesus gave as He commissioned His disciples?  I think not.  It has been added to and changed, through imagination, particular beliefs, drama, historical inaccuracies and guesswork.  

According to the Passion website, Mr. Gibson desired a particular effect:

"....cinematographer Caleb Deshcanel (The Patriot, The Right Stuff) to make the movie look like the paintings of Italian Baroque artist Caravaggio, whose images are known to have a lifelike glow from sharp contrasts of light and darkness.

"I think his work is beautiful," Gibson said of Caravaggio. "It's violent, it's dark, it's spiritual and it also has an off whimsy of strangeness to it."

Forty percent of the film was shot at night or indoors under wraps in order to get an effect of light fighting it's way out of the darkness."  2

That desired dramatic and visual effect is also why the wardrobe was mainly in browns, black and beige. The mood had to be set to impress the graphic violence that would be well remembered. Caravaggio's art may be violent, dark and strange, but the Word of God is not dark and strange to a born again believer. The word of God is "quick and powerful and sharper than any two-edged sword", which is far different than this dark, spiritually unedifying movie that cannot achieve His standard of measurement, which is His Word.

At one point during Mr. Gibson's interview on 20/20, the scene of Jesus bearing his cross comes across the screen.  In slow motion Jesus falls to the ground, the cross falling on top of him. Mr. Gibson quickly pointed out that the scene was choreographed so that it would have the essence of a ballet move. And for this,  Jesus' suffering is reduced to an art form.  

In fact, while not officially cast in the movie, Mr. Gibson enters into the movie in three important parts, with only one actually pertaining to Scripture. In a flash back in the movie, Mary Magdalene is presented as the adulterous woman brought to Jesus by the Pharisees, when in fact, Christ delivered her of seven demons, and she was a devout follower of Him. [Mark 16:9; Luke 8:2] There is no Scripture to support she was not chaste. And that event in the movie is a clear deviation from Scriptural Truth. 

It is Gibson's foot, representing Jesus, which is the one that Mary Magdalene takes hold of in the movie. It is Gibson's hand as the hand of Jesus writing in the dirt... And it is Mel Gibson's hand that nails Jesus' hand to the cross. Mel Gibson may end up being the highest paid "actor" without even speaking a line , appearing only as a hand and a foot, and has the possibility of making more money from this film, than any other he actually "starred" in.

Right from the start, the dialogue of this Jesus is contrary to anything found in Scripture. We are first shown a glimpse of a fearful Jesus praying "Hear me Father...rise up and defend me...save me from the traps they have set". The movie also portrays Jesus being tempted by satan in the Garden, as "she" asks him, "Who is your Father?" and "Who are You?" Then a snake comes out of "her" robe and slithers over to Christ, and he stomps on it's head. 

Satan is presented as a woman, yet in Scripture, always referred to as 'he'. How can the FATHER of lies be a woman? [John 8:44, 16:11] The demons that chase Judas are represented as little boys in the movie.

The movie portrays Jesus being tempted by satan in the Garden, but, the Bible says He was ministered to by an angel [Luke 22:43] and strengthened, and that information is not even entertained in this movie. The word in the verse is "strengthening", which actually means in the Greek, "to invigorate (transitively or reflexively)...strengthen."

A clear deviation of the Scriptures is also in the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus is depicted as being terrified or afraid. The apostles say to each other "What is wrong with Him'? "He seems afraid"?

From PAX - The Making of the Passion of the Christ - broadcast on 2/22/04 at 9:00 eastern time 

In the garden with satan:

satan: No man can carry this burden, I tell you.  It is far too heavy. Saving their souls is far too costly...no one.....ever....no...never.

Jesus:  Father, You can do all things. If it is possible let this chalice pass from Me...But let Your will be done, not Mine. Hear My Father... Rise up, defend Me...save me from the traps they set for Me.

satan: Do you really believe that one man can bear the full burden of sin?

Two of the disciples stand by Jesus as He is saying:

Jesus: Shelter, O Lord... I trust in You...In You I take refuge

The concept of Jesus being filled by fear allows for the possible misconception by some viewers, that the 'spirit of fear' was brought on by satan. It also changes the concept of who was in charge of what was taking place. It suggests that the Father made Jesus go through the events, instead of Christ choosing to be the sacrifice...when Jesus rebuked Peter, he declared to Peter, who personified the imaginary movie dialogue above, to get behind Him as he was a stumbling block. 

Matthew 16:20 Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.
21 From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
22 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee.
23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men. [also Mark 8:33, Luke 4]
[KJV]

While in the garden, Jesus said He was heavily burdened with sorrow and deep grief, not fear. He, who was without sin, was going to deal with the sin of all mankind.

Matthew 26: 37....and began <archomai> to be sorrowful <lupeo> and <kai> very heavy <ademoneo>.38 Then saith he unto them , My soul is exceeding sorrowful <perilupos>, even unto death <thanatos>.... [KJV]

From Strong's Concordance: exceeding sorrowful <perilupos>

4036. perilupov perilupos, per-il'-oo-pos 
from 4012 and 3077; grieved all around, i.e. intensely sad:--exceeding (very) sorry(-owful). 

3077. luph lupe, loo'-pay     apparently a primary word; sadness:--grief, grievous, + grudgingly, heaviness, sorrow.

very heavy <ademoneo>  

85. adhmonew ademoneo, ad-ay-mon-eh'-o 
from a derivative of adeo (to be sated to loathing); to be in distress (of mind):--be full of heaviness, be very heavy.

sorrowful <lupeo>

3076. lupew lupeo, loo-peh'-o 
from 3077; to distress; reflexively or passively, to be sad:--cause grief, grieve, be in heaviness, (be) sorrow(-ful), be (make) sorry. 

Jesus taught to never fear those who could kill the body. God is without hypocrisy. When we fear, we are not made perfect in love, because fear is sin. This movie “Jesus” was made sinful and is therefore not the perfect sacrifice. That violates Scripture and presents another Jesus. The movie Jesus is made to lose all presence of the Divinity of Christ and His purpose and becomes a weak, fearful man who must draw on the strength of his mother, which makes Mary the sinless one in the movie. The Jesus of the Bible was God come in the flesh, the perfect sacrifice, who was physically invigorated in the Garden by an angel. He willingly fulfilled His purpose, and needed no human help to go to the cross. That weakness and fear comes from the writings of the mystics such as Anne Emmerich's The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ.

Jesus taught to never fear those who could kill the body. God is without hypocrisy.

1 John 4:18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
19 We love him, because he first loved us.
[KJV]

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. [KJV]

Luke 12:4 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. 5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him. [KJV]

Another point is that while in Gethsemane, Jesus did not resist being taken by the crowd in the Scriptures, and was simply bound and taken. [Matthew 26:45-56; Mark 14:41-50; Luke 22:47-54; John 18:3-12] However, right there, at the beginning of this movie, we see another gospel being presented, as he was beaten in the garden, which resulted in the actor's right eye presented as blackened and swollen shut throughout the rest of the movie. According to the Scriptures, this did not happen. 

There is a major scuffle in the movie, that also did not happen. Scripturally, Jesus stopped the resistance incident immediately, when one sword was drawn. Jesus plainly stated, when confronted in the garden, that He could have stopped all events if He so chose:

Matthew 26:51 And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear.
52 Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.
53 Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
54 But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?

55 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me.
56 But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
[KJV]

Luke 24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: [KJV]

Again in the movie, Claudia, Pilate's wife brings expensive looking towels to Mary the mother, and she and Mary Magdalene wipe up the blood, during the scourging scene in the courtyard. They, nor the disciples were immediately present during the scourging, or the events that took place from the time of leaving the garden, until Christ was crucified. One disciple is said to have been briefly in Caiaphas's palace, with Peter with the servants or outside. [John 18:13-18, Matthew 26:57,58, Mark 14:54]

The horrific depiction of the scourging scene, had the soldiers flog his back, and then loosened one arm, flipped him over on his back, and flogged his front. One described the noise during this scene to include intense sounds of bone crunching, blood squishing and skin being ripped apart, bits of it flying through the air. Before the scourging, he is beaten on his back with sticks first, like a caning.  Scripturally correct? 

The Scriptures do not tell us how many stripes Jesus received but according to Deuteronomy, Jewish law [halacha] dictated a maximum of forty lashes, but they typically stopped at thirty nine so as to not go over. [Deut. 25:2,3; comp. 2 Cor. 11:24] Although we can not be certain of the number of stripes, Roman history tells us that prisoners were scourged on the back side of the body before crucifixion. In the scourging of our Lord (Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15) the words of prophecy (Isa. 53:5) were fulfilled. 

In the movie, he is left hanging on the cross without one square inch of un-flogged skin, while the two thieves hanging beside Him have little blood on them at all. Since scourging was a pre-requisite to the crucifixion of all under Roman law, this raises the question as to how the criminals on His sides could tolerate the punishment with such ease, while God manifest in the flesh appeared as weak. In the movie, the Roman guard dislocated 'Jesus' right arm in order to nail it to the cross by tying a rope onto it and yanking on it repeatedly and vigorously. This extra biblical information was inspired from the mystical writings of Catherine Emmerich, which states the rope was tied to the left hand, the right already nailed, Mary of Agreda, claims a chain was used and his joints dislocated in order to finish crucifying Him, and St Bridget, that his joints were dislocated.

Mr. Gibson told the National Catholic Register, March 16-22, 2003, in an article titled, Three Nails, a Camera and a Cross: On the Set of Mel Gibson's The Passion, by Raymond Cleaveland, Register Correspondent, "When I was 35, I started praying the Prayers of St. Bridget and they really helped me understand what the passion was all about..."12 http://www.ncregister.com/Register_News/030903gibson.htm 

The Prayers of St. Bridget, which Gibson presumably has continued to pray since he was 35, and the Anne Catherine Emmerich writings, are two of this information in the movie. Catholics who follow St. Bridget's fifteen prayers, are expected to pray them daily, with a total of 5480 prayers in the year, to honor the visions of Bridget concerning the Passion, and to equal the number of wounds He received. She wrote that Jesus had received that large number of wounds during His trial, scourging, and crucifixion, and that she was given this information directly by Jesus. These visions and prayers may account for the fact that in the movie, there is not even one small portion on the actors body that has not been traumatized as he is hanging on the cross.  In St. Bridget's third prayer, believed by many Catholics to have been given directly from Christ in a vision, she stated:

"...remember the very bitter pain Thou didst suffer when the Jews nailed Thy Sacred Hands and Feet to the Cross by blow after blow with big blunt nails, and not finding Thee in a pitiable enough state to satisfy their rage, they enlarged Thy Wounds, and added pain to pain, and with indescribable cruelty stretched Thy Body on the Cross, pulled Thee from all sides, thus dislocating Thy Limbs."

It should be noted that while the majority of versions are as above, which is as it was written originally, this writer did find a few renditions of the third prayer that have been changed to say executioners instead of Jews.

Further excerpts of the fifteen prayers which are represented visually in the movie include:

Prayer Two "...thousands of insults, spits, blows, lacerations and other unheard-of-cruelties, tormented..."

Prayer Four "...remember the bruises which Thou didst suffer and the weakness of all Thy Members which were distended to such a degree that never was there pain like unto Thine. From the crown of Thy Head to the Soles of Thy Feet there was not one spot of Thy Body that was not in torment..."

Sixth Prayer "...Thou was fastened and raised on the Cross, when all Thy relatives and friends abandoned Thee, except Thy Beloved Mother, who remained close to Thee during Thy agony..."

Ninth Prayer "...recall the pain Thou didst endure when, plunged in an ocean of bitterness at the approach of death, insulted, outraged by the Jews..."

Tenth Prayer "...plunged in an abyss of suffering from the soles of Thy Feet to the crown of Thy Head. In consideration of the enormity of Thy Wounds..."

Twelfth Prayer"...Mirror of Truth, symbol of unity, link of Charity, remember the multitude of wounds with which Thou was covered from head to foot, torn and reddened by the spilling of Thy adorable Blood. O Great and Universal Pain..."

Fifteenth Prayer "...Remember the abundant outpouring of Blood which though didst so generously shed from Thy Sacred Body as juice from grapes in a wine press....blood and water issued forth until there was not left in Thy Body a single drop, and finally, like a bundle of myrrh lifted to the top of the Cross Thy delicate Flesh was destroyed, the very Substance of Thy Body withered, and the Marrow of Thy Bones dried up..."

One report on Newsday.com, February 23, 2004, stated: "The mystical visions of Sister Anne Catherine Emmerich (1774-1824) are the basis of some of the more stunning, non-biblical scenes in Gibson's movie - from Jesus' confrontation with Satan in the Garden of Gethsemane, to the explicit details of his scourging by Roman guards, to a crucifixion scene in which his arm is pulled out of its socket, according to a reading of her work." 2b 

In the movie, before they stand up the cross with him nailed to it, they flip it over so he is hanging face down towards the ground. The sponge that they gave him vinegar with, was put up to him on a spear, instead of a reed. After Jesus dies in the movie, the Roman soldier attempts to break His legs with what appears to be a sledge hammer, but when the earth starts to shake violently, he becomes frightened and stops.

For a medical view of the physical death by crucifixion:

http://www.cga94.com/contributors/stuff/crucifixion/

This document, which is written from a secular perspective, sources historical accounts of the day, as well as using today's medical understanding to draw their conclusions. It originally appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association. JAMA is one of the most respected, peer reviewed journals in the world.

When Jesus dies in the crucifixion scene, Scripturally the veil of the temple is torn from the top down. In the movie, there does not appear to be a veil, and rather, the holy of holies is split in two and the temple is burning with some fires inside. 

Matthew 27: 50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; [KJV]

Mark 15:38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. [KJV]

Luke 23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. [KJV]

What is clearly missing is the darkness that enveloped the land for three hours, while Christ hung on the cross. That eliminated a prophecy, as well as the Gospel accounts of that event. [Amos 8:9; Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44] In the movie, what appears to be a storm rolls in, the camera pans to an aerial view as if God is looking down from Heaven. A large teardrop comes down and splashes on the earth, and there is absolutely no Scripture to support that whatsoever.

The brief resurrection scene, is a view of a burial cloth deflating and then reveals "Christ" exiting the tomb, appearing to be naked. Scripture tells us there were plural burial clothes, [John 19:40, 20:5-7; Luke 24:12] as was the custom of the Jews, but the implication brings one to consider the shroud of Turin. Jesus' actual clothes were divided between the soldiers at the cross. When Jesus appears to Mary, and many others, He is clothed, and in point of fact, at first Mary thought He was the gardener. He was not naked, and nothing in Scripture states He was.

 

Beliefs & Sources for the Movie

Mel Gibson is a Traditionalist Catholic, who is part of a group of congregations numbering approximately 600, who reject the ecumenical movement and changes to Catholicism with the Vatican II Council, believing it to be apostate. In those Traditional beliefs, is the observance of the Latin Tridentine Mass, requirement for women to cover their heads in church, laypeople forbidden to serve the Eucharist, and not eating meat on Fridays, and so on. 

Holy Family Chapel, is built and funded under the umbrella of a foundation set up by Gibson and operated out of Icon Productions, on land in the Agoura Hills, with space allowing for congregational growth. Traditionalists interviewed by various media are pleased that Mel Gibson is able to present their Traditional Catholic views in his movie. Most Catholics will likely recognize the Catholic doctrine and symbolism throughout the movie.

The script was adapted by Gibson, in collaboration with Benedict Fitzgerald, from a composite assembled from the four Biblical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Fitzgerald is also Catholic. The producer, Steve McEveety, and many more of the cast and crew are also Catholic, some reclaiming their faith while working on the movie.

While claiming to stay true to the Scriptural account and historic facts, Mel Gibson also sourced his information from Mary of Agreda's book (1602 -1665), Mystical City of God, and the visions of Anna Catherina Emmerich. Emmerich, was a nineteenth-century Augustinian nun, referred to by some Catholic sources as a "mystic", who developed the stigmata. Her visions were published in the book, The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Mr. Gibson, who carries one of her relics, is on record as stating that Emmerich’s images are amazing. “She supplied me with stuff I never would have thought of." 3 

According to Catholic writer Michael H. Brown, Emmerich's biographer, Father Schmogen stated, "She never entered the church without her angel-guardian". According to the canon of the Cathedral of Loybech: “After Holy Scripture, there is no book that contains so many words of eternal truth and life than the revelations of A. C. Emmerich.” "She claimed apparitions of John the Baptist and the Blessed Mother." She is also noted to have levitated and so on. 4 

Jim Caviezel, the actor that played this Jesus, and who looks to Mary for guidance, stated in one interview, that friends, "...gave me a piece of the true cross. I kept this on me all the time. They made a special pocket in my clothes for it. I also had relics of Padre Pio, St. Anthony of Padoua, Ste Maria Goretti, and saint Denisius, the Patron saint of Actor....This film is something that I believe was made by Mary for her Son..." 5  

According to an article in Spirit Daily, "The actor says he was brought back to his faith in large part through attendance of an apparition with seer Ivan Dragicevic of Medjugorje -- the famous site in Bosnia-Hercegovina. "We talked, and later when we were praying the Rosary Ivan said Mary came in the room and I felt something wonderful happening to me," Caviezel says. "When the apparition was over, I got up and told Ivan I wanted [Mary and Jesus] in my heart." 5b 

While not wishing to focus on Catholic issues and beliefs, it becomes apparent that those beliefs have in fact dictated at least some of the presentation of this movie and should be discussed in relation to historical fact and Scripture.

Various scenes in the movie do actually reveal the Catholic doctrine Mr. Gibson is dedicated to, such as the Stations of the Cross. Each station is considered a sacred reminder, and each fall of Christ, as he is presented as staggering and falling under the weight of the cross, and particular scenes in the movie on the way to Golgotha, for example, is part of that tradition. 

Historically, villages all over Europe created "replicas" of the "Stations of the cross", with small shrines commemorating the places along the route in Jerusalem. These shrines became the set of fourteen stations and have been situated in almost every Catholic Church in the world. 

In the movie, Simon takes the cross from Jesus after he has carried it for about ten minutes and has fallen several times under its weight. Simon is selected, and grabbed from the crowd by the Roman guards, to "help" him carry it. Simon initially resists, and says to the guard that Jesus is a guilty man and that he, Simon, is innocent. At one point while Jesus is being beaten by the soldiers, Simon shouts at the guards to, "Stop it! Stop it! Leave Him alone", and yelling, "If you do not stop I will not carry that cross one more step"... implying he had a choice in the matter. As they are nearing the top of the hill, Simon encourages him to go on, saying, "we're nearly there".

Jesus, in the movie, is initially made to carry the whole cross, while the two thieves, who are given names, carry just the cross arms. The thieves are crucified on a tau cross, and Jesus is on a crucifix.

In fact, in the Scriptures we see that Jesus NEVER carried the cross He was crucified on....In Matthew, Mark and Luke, it is recorded that the Roman soldiers, when leaving the hall with Jesus to go to crucify Him, after He had been scourged, mocked, hit, spit upon and blasphemed, the soldiers immediately compelled Simon, a Cyrenian, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear or carry the cross for Jesus. He in fact, followed behind Jesus, carrying the cross, which the soldiers placed on him. Normally only two witnesses are required to prove an event, and in the Gospel writers, we have three. 

From Matthew: 27:27-32 

Matthew 27: 27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers...31 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.
** 32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
[KJV]

*** 32 .... him <touton> they compelled <aggareuo> to <hina> bear <airo> his <autos> cross <stauros>.

From Strong's Concordance: bear <airo>

142. airw airo, ah'-ee-ro a primary root; to lift up; by implication, to take up or away; figuratively, to raise (the voice), keep in suspense (the mind), specially, to sail away (i.e. weigh anchor); by Hebraism (compare 5375) to expiate sin:--away with, bear (up), carry, lift up, loose, make to doubt, put away, remove, take (away, up). 

In Mark :

Mark 15:16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band...20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. 21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. [KJV]

**21.... to bear <airo> his <autos> cross <stauros>.

Same as Matthew > bear > airo

In Luke: 

Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. 27 And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. 28 But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. [KJV]

***26  .... and on <epitithemi> him <autos> they laid <epitithemi> the cross <stauros>, that he might bear <phero> it after <opisthen> Jesus <Iesous>.

From Strong's Concordance: that he might bear <phero>

5342. ferw phero, fer'-o  a primary verb -- for which other, and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only; namely, 

oio oy'-o; and enegko en-eng'-ko 

to "bear" or carry (in a very wide application, literally and figuratively, as follows):--be, bear, bring (forth), carry, come, + let her drive, be driven, endure, go on, lay, lead, move, reach, rushing, uphold.

From Strong's Concordance: it after <opisthen>

3693. opisten opisthen, op'-is-then     from opis (regard; from 3700) with enclitic of source; from the rear (as a secure aspect), i.e. at the back (adverb and preposition of place or time):--after, backside, behind. 

John 19 presents a version of this event which many declare to be a contradiction. It is not. 

John 19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
[KJV]

****17 And he bearing <bastazo> his <autos> cross <stauros> went forth <exerchomai>

From Strong's Concordance: And he bearing <bastazo>

941. bastazw bastazo, bas-tad'-zo > perhaps remotely derived from the base of 939 (through the idea of removal); to lift, literally or figuratively (endure, declare, sustain, receive, etc.):--bear, carry, take up. 

939. basiv basis, bas'-ece from baino (to walk); a pace ("base"), i.e. (by implication) the foot:--foot.

From Strong's Concordance: went forth <exerchomai>

1831. exercomai exerchomai, ex-er'-khom-ahee  from 1537 and 2064; to issue (literally or figuratively):--come (forth, out), depart (out of), escape, get out, go (abroad, away, forth, out, thence), proceed (forth), spread abroad

If we compare the use of 'bastazo' with other verses, the concept can and is applied to the spiritual act of bearing a cross or burden. The word bastazo can be used in a literal sense, for example, to carry a jug, but because there are three witnesses, i.e. the written testimony of the writers of the other three Gospels, those witnesses should suffice, that Simon was compelled to carry the physical cross for Jesus, from the time He left the Hall. Normally only two witnesses are required to prove an event.

Examples : Matthew 3:11 [John the Baptist speaking of Christ] "...whose shoes I am not worthy to bear <bastazo>..." [KJV]

Matthew 8:17 That it might be fulfilled  which was spoken by Esaias the prophet , saying , Himself <autos> took <lambano> our  infirmities <astheneia>, and bare <bastazo> our sicknesses <nosos>. [KJV]

Luke 14:27 And whosoever doth <bastazo> not <ou> bear <bastazo> his <autos> cross <stauros>, and come <erchomai> after me , cannot be my disciple. [KJV]

Acts 9:15 [Referring to Paul]  But the Lord <kurios> said  unto him , Go thy way : for he is  a chosen  vessel  unto me , to bear <bastazo> my  name <onoma> before the Gentiles <ethnos>, and kings , and the children  of Israel : [KJV]

Incidentally there are many that claim that Jesus was not nailed to the cross and many claim that there is no evidence that He was nailed through His hands and also His feet, some suggesting He was tied. However, if you believe the Word of God to be true, it is a proven issue.

Luke 24:34-49 *39,40; 

36 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.
38 And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
40 And when he had thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet.
[KJV]

 John 20:24-29, *27

25  The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
26  And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
27  Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
28  And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
  [KJV]

The Stations of the Cross, summed up are as follows, with this writers note added between each listed Station, and which most are relevant to the depiction of the events in Mr. Gibson's movie. 

First: Jesus is condemned to die; Second: Jesus forced to carry the physical cross [goes against Gospel records]; Third: Jesus Falls the First Time, due to the weight of the cross [no Scripture to support] ; Fourth:  Jesus Meets His Mother, and draws strength from her [no Scripture to support]; Fifth:  Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross [Scripture shows Simon carried the cross the entire way] ; Sixth: Veronica Wipes the Face of Jesus [no Scripture to support>she wiped the face of Jesus, according to this belief, an imprint of the face of Christ stayed on the cloth] ; Seventh:  Jesus Falls the Second Time. [no Scripture to support]; Eighth:  Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem [Luke 23:27-31, they are following behind Him and He turns around and tells them not to weep for Him, but for themselves];  Ninth:  Jesus Falls the Third Time [no Scripture to support]; Tenth: Jesus is Stripped. [Matt 27:35, Luke 23:24, John 19:23];  Eleventh: Jesus is Nailed to the Cross [Luke 24:34-49 *39,40; John 19:23-29,*27] ; Twelfth:  Jesus Dies On The Cross; Thirteenth:  Jesus Is Taken Down From The Cross, and "lays in his mothers arms" [contrary to Luke 23:47-56, John 19:38-42] ; Fourteenth: Jesus Is Laid In The Tomb.

In the movie, Mary runs to Jesus' side as he is carrying his cross and he says to her; " See mother, I make all things new". There is no Scripture to support that. In the movie depicting the Sixth "Veronica" station, Veronica says to him, "permit me Lord" and uses her head covering and presses it into his beaten and bloody face, and the imprint of his face is left on the fabric.

In the movie, depicting Station Thirteen, Mary holds Jesus in her arms after he is taken down from the cross, which is contrary to Luke 23:47-56, and  John 19:38-42. And in the movie, the women get his body instead of Joseph and Nicodemus, as shown in several Scriptures. Matthew 27:57-60, Luke 23:47-56, John 19:38-42

Another example of deviation from Scriptural or historic facts is referenced in the official website Synopsis section:

"...On Golgotha, Jesus is nailed to the cross and undergoes his last temptation--the fear that he has been abandoned by his Father. He overcomes his fear, looks at Mary, his Holy Mother, and makes the pronouncement which only she can fully understand, 'it is accomplished' then dies "into thy hands I commend my Spirit." 6

When Jesus looked at Mary from the cross, it was to declare to her and  John, that she was now his mother.  John 19:23-30. There is no conversational interaction between them. But, in the movie, while he is hanging on the cross, Mary says to Jesus, "Flesh of my flesh, Heart of my heart, My son, let me die with you" She kisses his feet and then stands there looking up at him with blood on her lips and face. Luke 23:43-55

What is referenced as His last temptation above, is when He cried out, My God, My God...[Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34] Jesus was not afraid.  He was quoting from Psalms 22:1...not because He was fearful, but so all prophecy about Himself was fulfilled, in these events. He never said "it is accomplished," while on the cross. He said "It is Finished." 

 

Next Page: Mel Gibson's "The Passion of The Christ":2

Article Split Due to Size

 

Other Articles: 

A Different View of Mel Gibson's  The Passion of The Christ >

[also available split into 2 parts > gibson1, gibson2]

Comments About Mel Gibson's "The Passion of The Christ"

Pro & Con Comments About Mel Gibson's "The Passion of The Christ" 

 Mel Gibson, Biblical Accuracy & The Other Passion Source: The 15 Prayers of St. Bridget

God Can Use Anything...But Should We? Q & A About The Passion of The Christ

Q & A: More Scriptural Comparison's of The Passion of the Christ

Q & A: About the Cast & Crew of Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ

NewsFlash!  Mystic Anne Emmerich to be Beatified

Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment & Zondervan To Distribute 

DVD/VHS of Mel Gibson's The Passion of The Christ

 

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