- Hebrew Roots/Messianic Movement
Frequently Asked Questions
About Hebrew Roots
Hebrew Roots FAQ's
Myth. The "Hebrew Matthew, Or Shem Tov, or
Shem Tob Matthew prove a Hebrew original. The Hebrew Matthew
proves that the NT was written in Hebrew first.
Many deny the inspiration and inerrancy of the Greek New
Testament, and teach that it is full of “translation” errors.
Many teach that the Greek was copied from the Aramaic, which was
copied from the “original” Hebrew. Because of this belief, it is
purported that the Greek is a third generation copy which was
disaster is then upheld on the shaky toothpick of the alleged Hebrew New
Testament which boils down to the claim of a Hebrew Matthew,
thereby proving their postulating.
The Hebrew Matthews
have been known of and reviewed by scholars and others for
centuries. The supposed "original" Hebrew Matthews, which are
not in agreement with each other, are from the 1400-1500 range
CE. Copies of the texts are readily available for review, and
have not been "guarded" or hidden as some would claim.
Precisely, ShemTob is dated 1380, while DuTillet and Muenster
are about 1550. Together they make up the "Middle Ages
Matthews" but, they are very different, and as one
stated, that is one of the ironies. The Greek Matthew used
for most Bibles is from the 250-400 CE range.
Hugh Schonfeld pushes
the DuTillet, and his,
An Old Hebrew Text of St. Matthew's Gospel,
suggests that Hebrew, not Greek, is the original text of
the New Testament, is widely used by those within HR.. Schonfield is best known for his writing,
Plot, which uses every argument to show why the crucifixion
and resurrection of Jesus Christ were not as stated in
the Scriptures. He looks at the Scriptures as 'legends',
and wishes to set believers free from destructive
teachings and deceptions and their "fairy dust
called faith." 1
suggests in The Passover Plot, that if people
depend only on the New Testament they would be unable to
form a correct understanding of Jesus
He also believes that the
authors, instead of being inspired by God write as they
did, were at the disadvantage of having 'meager'
documentation and dependent on their recollections.
He then suggested,
in spite of New Testament Scriptures which declare the
writings to be by revelation of the Holy Spirit, that,
today we are much better off today than New Testament
shows us his way to finding the 'truth', and reaching conclusions is through
total detachment to any bias of Christian beliefs. Rather, one look to the
realities of that time, using analysis and comparisons of data from a myriad of
sources, scraps and hints, looking at traditions of the Jewish people and
thereby come to the 'truth.' 5
becomes his speculation and actual denunciation of the
Scriptural account of Jesus Christ, Schonfield declared
that in his analysis and reconstruction of events, that it could
not be claimed as actually accurate. 6
That speculation becomes an exercise to
destroy the validity of the Scriptures, the Deity of
Jesus Christ, His crucifixion, His burial, His being
raised from the dead and His ascension to the right hand
of the Father. It attempts to destroy who Jesus Christ
is, and the witness found in the New Testament.
Many view the Shem Tov as the best
"original" Hebrew Matthew. The reality is that the sources for Shem
Tov or Hebrew Matthew anti-Christian writings included the
infamous Toledoth Jeshu as noted by Dr. William Petersen. It
also appears that the Shem Tov may also use the Talmud as a
guideline for some of the alterations that appear in the text.
The Toldoth Jeshu is based on the writings found in the the
Talmud as well. The Shem Tob or Shem Tov, is known for
abbreviations, verse omissions and changes, similarities to the
gnostic Gospel of Thomas, and sourcing Dutch, Latin and other
Dr. Petersen noted:
The Even Bohan was composed in Spain (presumably in Aragon) by a Castilian-born Jew named Shem-Tob ben-Isaac ben-Shaprut in 1380 (ibid.: xi). He revised his work at least three times: in 1385, around 1400, and once again, still later (ibid.)"..."
Hebrew versions of the Gospel of Matthew have been known to
and used by New Testament scholars for centuries. Often
referred to in scholarship as the "Old Hebrew Matthew,"
Sebastian Münster produced the first edition of such a
manuscript in 1537 (Münster 1537); in 1555 Jean du Tillet
edited a different but similar Hebrew Matthew manuscript (du
Tillet 1555). However, in addition to these two, at least five
other Hebrew Matthews (mostly fragmentary) are known...a
Hebrew Matthew contained in the twelfth (in some manuscripts,
the thirteenth) book of the Even Bohan (The
Touchstone), a Jewish polemical treatise directed against
Christians (Howard 1995: 160-161). ...
"104. There is no mystery about the genesis of Shem-Tob's Hebrew Matthew. It is obvious that it incorporates material from a variety of sources (e.g., from the
Toledoth Jeshu, the Vetus Latina, etc.). But because of the high number of agreements with the Liège Harmony, many of them unique,
the tradition behind the Liège Harmony--which we know to be a Latin gospel harmony--must also be the principal element responsible for the textual complexion of Shem-Tob's Hebrew Matthew:.."
Toledoth Yeshu or Toledoth Jeshu in Part III of the series
8.in the article
The Talmud &
9 it was noted,
"The Talmud and Cabala
teachings of the Toledot Yeshu-- (or Tolodoth Ieschu or Sepher
Toldoth Jehoshua) represent various teachings regarding
Christ, which may be shocking to many. A brief overview of
these teachings refers to writings that quote the Talmud,
(treatise Sabbath, folio 104, treatise Sanhedrim, folio 107,
and Sota, folio 47)..."
The Shem Tov also eliminates His
title of Christ/Messiah. Both The Talmud, and the Toldoth Yeshu blaspheme Christ
and His finished work, and distort the details of His ministry. In some versions
of the Toldoth Yeshu, (geneaology of Yeshu) the name “Yeshu” is used as an
acronym for "Yemach Shemo U'zikhrono" which translated means “May his name and
memory be blotted out.” 10
The Shem Tov Hebrew Matthew
quotes are from George Howard's 'Hebrew Gospel of Matthew',
published by Mercer University Press (1995) and are compared to
the KJV. The name Yeshu, disclosed below, is currently the name
that many people refer to Jesus as when speaking modern Hebrew
These passages fail to
identify Jesus as Messiah.
generation of Jesus Christ..."
generations of Jesus..." ***Please note that Jesus is translated
from the name Yeshu in the Hebrew text of this translation.
birth of Jesus Christ..."
Jesus..." ***This is also translated from the word Yeshu from
the Hebrew text.
In this passage His ability to
forgive all sin is eliminated.
call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their
call his name Jesus because he will save my people from their
" And, behold,
they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and
Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son,
be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee."
Shem Tov "9:2,
brought to him one who was sick with contractions, that is, paralitico, lying upon his bed. Jesus saw their faith and said
to the sick man: Have courage my son. It is by the faith of God
that your sins have been forgiven."
***Jesus = Yeshu
In this passage Jesus is made
equal to the scribes or sages.
"For he taught
them as one having authority, and not as the scribes."
"because he was
preaching to them with great power, not as the rest of the
In this passage the coming of
a future Kingdom is eliminated
come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven."
kingdom be blessed; may your will be done in heaven and on
In this passage the preaching
of the gospel is eliminated.
receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed,
and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the
gospel preached to them."
"the blind see,
the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead
are revived and the poor are acquitted."
In this passage the temple is
exalted above Christ
"But I say unto
you, That in this place is one greater than the temple."
"Truly I say to
you that the temple is greater than this"
In this passage their behavior
not their doctrine is questioned.
understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven
of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the
"beware of the
behavior of the Pharisees and the Saducees..."
*** This does not
have the verse broken up by number. There is a group of verses
listed as 9-12 , and no verse 6, 7, or 8a.
Mat 16:9-12 9
Do ye not
yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five
thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? 10 Neither the seven
loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? 11
How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you
concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the
Pharisees and of the Sadducees? 12 Then understood they how that
he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the
doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Shem Tov 16:9-12,
remember the five loaves and four thousand men how many seahs
were left over? Therefore you should understand that I am not
speaking of natural loaves but I am saying to you that you
should (beware) of the behavior of the Pharisees and
In this passage Elijah becomes
answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall first come, and
restore all things. 12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come
already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him
whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man
suffer of them. 13 Then the disciples understood that he spake
unto them of John the Baptist."
Shem Tov "11. He answered
them and said: Indeed Elijah will come and will save all the
world. 12 "I say to you, he has already come, they did not know
him, and they did to him according to their desire. (So) they
will do to the Son of Man. 13 "Then the disciples understood
that regarding John the Baptizer he was saying this""
"For the Son of
man is come to save that which was lost."
Shem Tov 18:11,
Son of Man has stopped saving the enemy."
In these passages the Deity of
Christ is eliminated.
"And Jesus said
unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed
me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the
throne of his glory,..."
Shem Tov "Jesus said:
Truly I say to you who follow me, in the day of judgement when
man sits upon the throne of his glory you also will sit upon the
twelve thrones of the twelve tribes of Israel."
Mat 20:30 "...when they
heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us,
O Lord, thou son of David."
"...It was said
to them: The prophet Jesus from Nazareth is coming. Then they
cried out saying: Son of David, have mercy on us."
".. Jesus met
them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet,
and worshipped him."
"As they were
going Jesus passed before them saying: May the Name deliver you.
They came near to him, bowed down to him, and worshipped him"
***Please Note Jesus = Yeshu ; the Name =haShem
In this passage preaching of
the Gospel of Jesus Christ becomes, "the Anti-Christ" and
"abomination of desolation."
gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a
witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. When ye
therefore shall see the abomination of desolation spoken of by
Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let
him understand Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the
gospel, that is, evungili, will be preached In all the earth for
a witness concerning me to all the nations and then the end will
come. This is the Anti-Christ and this is the abomination which
desolates which was spoken of by Daniel
[as] standing in the
holy place. Let the one who reads understand. Then those who are
in Juda, let them flee to the mountains."
In the passages below,
Jesus is hanged in accordance to what is written in Talmudic
writings and the Toldoth Yeshu, instead of being crucified. This
eliminates His blood atonement and His finished work on the
cross. The same Hebrew word is used to describe the death by
hanging of Judas Iscariot in reference to being hanged by a
know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the
Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
Shem Tov Matt 26:2
Do you not know that after two days will be the Passover and the
Son of Man will be delivered into the hand of the Jews for the
Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then
with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let
him be crucified. 23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he
done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
Shem Tov Matt 27: 22,23
Pilate said to them: If so, what shall I do with Jesus who
is called Messiah? All of them answered that he should be hung.
Pilate said to them: What evil has he done? Then they vigorously
cried out: let them hang him, let them hang him, let them hang
Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged
Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
Then he released Barabbas (to them), and delivered to them
Jesus for beating and affliction that they might hang him.
Matt 27:31,32 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off
from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to
crucify him. 32 And as they came out, they found a man of
Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
35 And they crucified him,
and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be
fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my
garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
38 Then were there two
thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another
on the left.
Shem Tov Matt
27:31 When they had mocked him (much), they stripped
the robe from him, and dressed him in his own clothes, and gave
orders to hang him. As they were going out from the city,
they met a man whose name was Simon the Canaanite. They
compelled him to carry the gallows, that is, "The Cross".
35 When they
had placed him on the gallows they divided his garments by lot
38 Then two thieves were hung with him, one on his right and one
on his left.
If Jesus were hung, He would
have not been thirsty, because medical science has determined
that it is impossible to drink or speak when one is being hung.
This would then eliminate all of the words that are recorded in
the Gospels that He spoke while on the cross, and He would have
never been able to say "It is finished". Also If He was hung,
then there would have been no need for the soldier to pierce his
side, because He would have been dead almost instantly, which
would deny His suffering. This errant translation of these
passages denies all of His finished work, and also denies the
cross, because there is no blood shed during hanging, hence no
Jesus constantly forgave
sins--even before He was crucified, and that is not in Torah.
But it is in the New Covenant because of Him.
Lev 4:20 And he shall do with the bullock as he did with the
bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this: and the
priest shall make an atonement for them, and it shall be
Lev 4:26 And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the
fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall
make an atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be
Lev 17:11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have
given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your
souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the
2Ch 29:24 And the priests killed them, and they made
reconciliation with their blood on the altar, to make an
atonement for all Israel: for the king commanded that the burnt
offering and the sin offering should be made for all Israel.
Heb 10: 1.
For the law having a shadow
of good things to come, and not the very image of the things,
can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year
continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because
that the worshippers once purged should have had no more
conscience of sins.
3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of
sins every year.
4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats
should take away sins.
In burnt offerings and
sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.
Heb 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of
the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering
oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
12. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins
for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
Everything changed when Christ
shed His blood for us. But even during His ministry He was
showing that God's law encompassed more than what was given to
Moses... and we know that because even Abraham obeyed God, and
there had been no law given. He was faithful. Every jot and
tittle is His law and His words---not just the Mosaic law--His
words will never pass away, but we know that Bibles and
manuscripts have and will pass away.
1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of
incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth
24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as
the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower
thereof falleth away:
25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is
the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.
Isaiah 40:6-8 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What
shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the
goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field: 7.
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit
of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is
grass. 8. The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the
word of our God shall stand for ever.
The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a
furnace of earth, purified seven times. 7 Thou shalt keep
them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation
119:89 LAMED. For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in
1. Hugh Schonfield. The
Passover Plot, p. 41, New York, Bantam, 1967
Ibid. p. 5
Ibid. p. 165
Some Observations on a Recent Edition of and Introduction to
Shem-Tob's "Hebrew Matthew" http://rosetta.reltech.org/TC/vol03/Petersen1998a.html
Hebrew Roots >
The Talmud &
Jesus Christ > http://www.SeekGod.ca/embrachrist.htm
To view the “Toldoth Yeshu”, please click on the
link below which originally was linked directly to the University of Pennsylvania:
***Hebrew Gospel of
Matthew by George Howard Mercer University Press 1995
Hebrew Roots FAQS & Myths
Basic Doctrinal Issues
Under the Law
Sacrifices, Feasts, Celebrations
God & Jesus
Who Is Jesus
for Hebrew and Greek Word definitions from Strong's Exhaustive
Concordance by James Strong
"Thayers" > Thayer's
Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament
>Brown-Driver-Brigg's Hebrew Definitions
All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise
Copyright . All articles are the sole property of SeekGod.ca and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.
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