Research Articles - Hebrew Roots/Messianic Movement

  Back to Hebrew Roots
   Back to OWR Index     Back To Index

Click for 

Printer 

Friendly  Version

Frequently Asked Questions About Hebrew Roots

Hebrew Roots FAQ's and Myths

Scriptures

Myth. King James intentionally altered a Biblical name (Jakob) so that he could place his name (James) into the scriptures.

A. The Geneva Bible, of 1579 uses “James” in the NT which was published before the King James Version in 1611, thereby proving that King James did not change the name of the epistle of James from Yacov/Jakob to reflect his own bias for “James”.

"The General Epistle of James"

James 1:1 "James a servant of God, and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve Tribes, which are scattered abroad, salutation. "

http://www.genevabible.org/Geneva.html >

http://www.genevabible.org/files/Geneva_Bible/New_Testament/James.pdf

with notes > http://www.genevabible.org/files/Geneva_Bible/New_Testament/James_F.pdf

The Tyndale Bible [1536 CE] used Iames, the “I” being the predecessor to the hardened French “J” which was adopted in place of the capital “I” by the English language: 

"1 Iames the seruaut of God and of the Lorde Iesus Christ sendeth gretinge to ye .xii. trybes which are scattered here and there. "

http://www.studylight.org/

The Wycliff Bible [1395 CE] used James:

James 1:1     "James, the seruaunt of God, and of oure Lord Jhesu Crist, to the twelue kinredis, that ben in scatering abrood, helthe."

http://www.biblekeeper.com/wycliffe-nt/index.php http://www.biblekeeper.com/wycliffe-nt/james_1.php

Jacob is used in the New Testament when referencing the patriarch Jacob from the Old Testament;. while James becomes the Greek form of Jacob for referring to the apostles James (son of Zebedee, son of Alphaeus and also James the brother of our Lord). For example:

Mat 4:21 And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them. [KJV]

Mat 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. [KJV]

MT 4:21 And he yede forth fro that place, and saie tweyne othere britheren, James of Zebede, and Joon, his brother, in a schip with Zebede, her fadir, amendynge her nettis, and he clepide hem.  [Wycliff]

MT 22:32 Y am God of Abraham, and God of Ysaac, and God of Jacob? he is not God of deede men, but of lyuynge men.  [Wycliff]

Matthew 4:21 And when he was gone forth from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them. [Geneva Bible]

Matthew 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. [Geneva Bible]

Matthew 4:21 And he went forthe from thence and sawe other twoo brethren Iames the sonne of zebede and Ihon his brother in the shippe with zebede their father mendynge their nettes and called them. [Tyndale 1526] *

Matthew 22:32  I am Abrahams God and Ysaacks God and the God of Iacob? God is not the God of the deed: but of the lyvinge. [Tyndale 1526] *

*[Tyndale 1526] >

*http://www.studylight.org/desk/?l=en&query=Matthew+1&section=2&translation=tyn&oq=Matthew&new=1

Myth. Galatians is misunderstood by Christians, so it needs to be redefined and reinterpreted by Hebrew Roots 'scholars' or removed entirely

A The premise that Galatians is misunderstood by Christians is a main theme in the Hebrew Roots movement. It is imperative for the movement to either disassociate from the book of Galatians or rewrite/re-interpret it from a pro Torah perspective. The need to make Paul Torah observant is critical and therefore "under the law" has been interpreted as meaning "oral law"/ traditions/ "legalism" which completely trashes the obvious text.

The New Testament was written in Greek. It is not a guessing game to figure out that when the word "nomos" is used, Paul is referring to the Mosaic Law, not to oral law/traditions and "legalism". The teachers of HR who ride on the platform that Paul was speaking of these concepts, contradicts the foundation of their teachings and beliefs making them doubleminded.

In fact Hebrew Roots teaches from the Talmud and its kabbalistic foundations. Most of how HR interprets and is taught to "keep Torah" aka the feasts and Kosher for example, are taken straight from the pages of the Talmud.

An example of the terrible twisting, and adding to the very Words of God, is Galatians 2:19 as seen in David Stern's Complete Jewish Bible.

He renders it as:

Galatians 2:19 For it was through letting the Torah speak for itself that I died to its traditional legalistic misinterpretation, so that I might live in direct relationship with
God.

It is this writer's opinion that what he wrote is a complete travesty. The Greek does not even go any where near "traditional legalistic misinterpretation". The Greek clearly states, nomos = Mosaic Law. How anyone can interpret this verse to read as Stern has it, (and many others) is rejecting the inspired Word of God. For this reason, there will be no further quotes from Stern's NT in this article.

KJV - Galatians 2:19 For I through the law [G3551 - nomos] am dead [G599] to the law [G3551 - nomos], that I might live [G2198] unto God.

Looking closer at the phrases "I through the law am dead to the law" that I "might live unto God"

law G3551
nomos
Thayer Definition:
1) anything established, anything received by usage, a custom, a law, a command
1a) of any law whatsoever
1a1) a law or rule producing a state approved of God
1a1a) by the observance of which is approved of God
1a2) a precept or injunction
1a3) the rule of action prescribed by reason
1b) of the Mosaic law, and referring, acc. to the context. either to the volume of the law or to its contents
1c) the Christian religion: the law demanding faith, the moral instruction given by Christ, especially the precept concerning love
1d) the name of the more important part (the Pentateuch), is put for the entire collection of the sacred books of the OT

* please note - anything RECEIVED by usage, a custom, a law, a command which is understood to mean by God. These are NOT added traditions/customs of man.

dead G599

ἀποθνήσκω

apothnēskō

Thayer Definition:

1) to die

1a) of the natural death of man

1b) of the violent death of man or animals

1c) to perish by means of something

1d) of trees which dry up, of seeds which rot when planted

1e) of eternal death, to be subject to eternal misery in hell

Part of Speech: verb

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G575 and G2348

 

live G2198

ζάω

zaō

Thayer Definition:

1) to live, breathe, be among the living (not lifeless, not dead)

2) to enjoy real life

2a) to have true life and worthy of the name

2b) active, blessed, endless in the kingdom of God

3) to live, i.e. pass life, in the manner of the living and acting

3a) of mortals or character

4) living water, having vital power in itself and exerting the same upon the soul

5) metaphorically to be in full vigour

5a) to be fresh, strong, efficient

5b) as adjective active, powerful, efficacious

Part of Speech: verb

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: a primary verb

The foundation of the NT was built on Jesus Christ, the Cornerstone [see Eph 2].

Act 17:18 Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection. 19 And they took him, and brought him unto Areopagus, saying, May
we know what this new doctrine, whereof thou speakest, is?

Paul stated that what he preached was the Gospel of Jesus Christ:

Galatians 1:15 But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace, 16 To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him
among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:

Galatians 1:23 But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed. 24 And they glorified God in
me.

Galatians 2:2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of
reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.

Galatians 2:4 And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring
us into bondage: 5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

Paul reprimands Peter for compelling the Gentiles to live as the Jews [keep the Law/Torah].

Galatians 2:11 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. 12 For before that certain came from James, he did
eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. 13 And the other Jews dissembled
likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. 14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live
as do the Jews?

It is clear that Paul states that living for and in Christ is above the Law. The Law does not make one righteous - there is nothing the Law can do for us - we are dead to it, but alive in Christ. The "the works of the law" is not "oral Torah", it is the commandments to keep the Law - "for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ died in vain".

Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. 18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. 19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. 20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

Again, Paul reiterates that the "works of the law" or observing/keeping the Law is foolish. Keeping the Law is done in the flesh, not the Spirit. Faith in Christ,
obedience to Christ is spiritual, not the letter of the law. He is above the Law, better than the Law of Moses being the Mediator of a new covenant with better
promises [Hebrews 3, 8].

Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified
among you? 2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? 3 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the
Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

Here, Paul does not even use the phrase "works of the law", but compares faith in Christ as those who are the children of Abraham and of faith. Verse 12 nails it perfectly - the Law is *not* of faith, but if you keep them you will live in them versus living in Christ. He could not make it any clearer.

Galatians 3:7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. 8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the
heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. 9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful
Abraham. 10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in
the book of the law to do them. 11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. 12 And the law is not of
faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.

Since the the law is not of faith, and without faith it is impossible to please God, regardless whether one is circumcised or uncircumcised, and the law cannot bring righteousness or justification, then there is a huge problem with being under the law now that the New Covenant is here.

The promise was of the seed, that is, Christ, and those who belong to Him, by faith. The promise given to Abraham was for those circumcised and uncircumcised, for Jews and Gentiles who walked by faith:

Romans 4:8-14 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. 9. Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision
also? for
we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. 10. How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in
circumcision, but
in uncircumcision. 11. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he
might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
12. And the father of circumcision
to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

13. For
the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14. For if
they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect:

Paul goes even deeper later in chapter 3 of Galatians, completely exposing the Law for what it was and why faith in Christ has replaced it.

Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. 21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. 22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the
promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should
afterwards be revealed.
24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith
. 25 But after that faith is come, we are
no longer under a schoolmaster.
26 For
ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on
Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if ye be Christ's,
then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Chapter 4 is a pivotal passage as Paul so beautifully expresses:

Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the
law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

He then pushes the issue of the slave woman [Mosaic Law/Torah] compared to the free woman [Jerusalem/Jesus Christ] which totally completes the entire picture of the Redemption and freedom from the Law of Moses that we have in Christ.

Galatians 4:22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born
after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise. 24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which
gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. 25
For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
26 But
Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all. 27 For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that
travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. 28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. 29
But as
then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now. 30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the
bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. 31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.

Paul even states more firmly in Chapter 5 how important it is not to get caught up in the Law [bondage], but to be free in Christ Jesus.

Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. 2 Behold, I Paul say unto
you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. 3 For I testify again to
every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. 4 Christ
is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. 6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love. 7 Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth? 8 This persuasion cometh not of him that calleth you. 9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. 10 I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be. 11 And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.

What is the focus of the rest of Chapter 5? Walking in the Spirit. He says nothing of Torah, does not instruct or teach it. But gives general commandments of what is pleasing and not pleasing to God. He then says something that should stop Hebrew Roots in its tracks - walking in the Spirit is not keeping Torah, but exemplifying the fruit of the Spirit. The fruit is our heart and our actions towards God and our "neighbor" - absolutely amazing!

Galatians 5:18 But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law. 19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness,
lasciviousness, 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of
the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is
love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. 24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the
flesh with the affections and lusts. 25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. 26 Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one
another.

Some concluding notes from Paul:

Galatians 6:2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.

Galatians 6:7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. 8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap
corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. 9 And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint
not. 10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.

Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.

Galatians 6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
[* note the chapter
and verse number: 613 (rabbinic count) to which many apply kabbalist gematria. However, keeping the Law = glory in the flesh].

Gal 6:14 But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. 15 For in
Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature. 16 And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and
mercy, and upon the Israel of God. 17 From henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus. 18 Brethren, the grace of our
Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen. <To the Galatians written from Rome.>

Paul wrote to the Romans that it was akin to spiritual adultery to attempt to live under the Law of Moses--which no one can keep even though the requirement is to keep it all---versus living for Christ under the New Covenant.

Rom 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the
dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.
5 For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.

We cannot thus be under the Law and bring forth fruit for Christ. Paul says there that we are dead to the law and married to Christ. He clearly says we are serving according to the Spirit of the Law not the letter. Attempting to live under the letter and authority of the Law is in direct contradiction to the words of Paul where he says:

Rom 7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.

What is interesting about Galatians is that for all the twisting and rewriting, the book of Galatians proves that Paul did not keep Torah/the Mosaic Law. He states that he did not go up to Jerusalem for a 3 year period and again for a 14 year period. This is blatant disregard for Torah which requires *all* males to appear at the Temple 3 times a year for the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles [Deuteronomy 16:16].

Galatians 1:17 Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus. 18 Then after
three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days.

Galatians 2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also. 2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated
unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.

If Paul was teaching Torah to the Gentiles or even was living with observant Jews, he would have made the trip to encourage them to "keep Torah", but he did not.

Paul, in the book of Galatians, taught *against* circumcision, and again this would be in rebellion to the Law of Moses.

Galatians 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

Galatians 5:2 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. 3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a
debtor to do the whole law. 4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh. 14 But God forbid that I
should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. 15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision
availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.

From Paul's perspective, his past was considered dung - counted as *loss* for Christ, including his Pharisean background, his Jewish "roots", and his zeal for the Law:

Philippians 3:2-15 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision. 3. For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

4. Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more: 5. Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; 6. Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. 7. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

8. Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ, 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:

10. That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; 11. If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. 12. Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.

13. Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, 14. I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. 15. Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.

Philippians 3:16-17 Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing. 17. Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.

Philippians 3:18-20 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ: 19. Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.) 20. For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ:


Endnote

Complete Jewish Bible - David H. Stern Jewish New Testament Publications, Inc copyright 1998. First edition July, 1998

CJB- Complete Jewish Bible >Myth. David Stern's Complete Jewish Bible (CJB), is the best Bible to use > http://www.seekgod.ca/hr/hrfaqs9a1.htm#cjb

Myth. The Masoretic Texts were written by corrupt Jewish scribes, and we should use the Septuagint or LXX as authoritative

A. No, that is not true.

Some have promoted the LXX (Septuagint) as authorative, and the Masoretic Textual family as corrupt, or as some have even stated “ penned by the lying Jewish scribes”, but there are a few important facts that need to be examined.

First of all, most scholars will agree that the LXX was translated in stages, with the Five Books of Moses making up the corpus of the earliest translation, and then other books were translated at dates as late as first century ce. It should also be noted that there were four separate recensions of the LXX at one time that were varied in their content and form. The complete LXX copies that we have available today, are actually predated by the New Testament writings.

The most commonly referenced manuscripts of the LXX today, are the Codex Sinaiticus (abbreviated by S or the Hebrew letter Aleph) which was copied in the fourth century ce, Codex Vaticanus (abreviated as 8) which was copied fourth century ce, and Codex Alexandrinus (abbreviated A) which is dated fifth century ce.

As far as the assertion that the LXX is more accurate than the supposedly “intentionally corrupted” Masoretic text family, and is closer to the Hebrew Dead Sea Scroll manuscripts found at Qumran, it is easy to disprove.

Emmanuel Tov, who is a not only recognized as a pre-eminent Dead Sea Scrolls scholar, but also highly recognized as an authority on the LXX, has put together a parallel aligned LXX/Masoretic text program that is recognized and utilized by textual scholars worldwide. Mr Tov reviewed all of the manuscripts found at Qumran, and did a textual comparison and recorded his results. They are as follows:

There were forty six books of Torah related manuscripts, which were used for this particular comparison. Of the forty six, twenty four (52%) were aligned with the Masoretic textual family. Seventeen of the forty six (37%) did not align to the MT, the LXX, or the Samaritan Torah. Three manuscripts (6.5%) were aligned to the Samaritan Torah, and a mere two manuscripts (4.5%) aligned with the LXX.

Many attempt to use Jeremiah 8:8 as the 'proof' of this accusation, while also stating that someone was hired to rewrite everything by 100 AD to overturn the messianic claims of Jesus found in the LXX, and the corrupt Masoretic texts are claimed to be based on those alleged writings. Here's Jeremiah 8:8:

Jeremiah 8:8 How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.

However the context isn't about them writing the Word of God, but merely promoting their own vanities and prophets were giving false prophesies and claiming them to be of God.

Jeremiah 23:30-32 Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that steal my words every one from his neighbour. 31. Behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that use their tongues, and say, He saith. 32. Behold, I am against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the LORD, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the LORD.

Jeremiah 23:34-36 And as for the prophet, and the priest, and the people, that shall say, The burden of the LORD, I will even punish that man and his house. 35. Thus shall ye say every one to his neighbour, and every one to his brother, What hath the LORD answered? and, What hath the LORD spoken? 36. And the burden of the LORD shall ye mention no more: for every man's word shall be his burden; for ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.

The book of Jeremiah was about Judah going after idols and Baal and not keeping God's commandments. If we go back to chapter 7 we see God calling His people back to obedience to Him and the realities of their disobedience and the coming consequences. Let's go back to chapter 7 and see what is happening:

Jeremiah 7:1-3 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 2. Stand in the gate of the LORD'S house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the LORD, all ye of Judah, that enter in at these gates to worship the LORD. 3. Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place.

4 Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the LORD, The temple of the LORD, are these. 5. For if ye throughly amend your ways and your doings; if ye throughly execute judgment between a man and his neighbour;...

9 Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; 10. And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations? 11. Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen it, saith the LORD.

7:23 But this thing commanded I them, saying, Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people: and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you.

7:26-28 Yet they hearkened not unto me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers. ... 28. But thou shalt say unto them, This is a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the LORD their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth.

7:30 For the children of Judah have done evil in my sight, saith the LORD: they have set their abominations in the house which is called by my name, to pollute it.

Jeremiah 8:3 And death shall be chosen rather than life by all the residue of them that remain of this evil family, which remain in all the places whither I have driven them, saith the LORD of hosts. 4 Moreover thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD; Shall they fall, and not arise? shall he turn away, and not return? 5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slidden back by a perpetual backsliding? they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.

Jeremiah 8:6 I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle 7 Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.

8. How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.

9. The wise men are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken: lo, they have rejected the word of the LORD; and what wisdom is in them? 10. Therefore will I give their wives unto others, and their fields to them that shall inherit them: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. 11. For they have healed the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace.

Jeremiah 9:13 And the LORD saith, Because they have forsaken my law which I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice, neither walked therein;

Jeremiah 9:14 But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them:

Verse 8:7 points out that the people do not know the requirements of the Lord, not that they do not have them. Even when the scribes were copying the books of the Law and the Prophets available at that time, (about 600 + BC) it meant nothing to them--it was vanity. They didn't need to change anything, just as people today don't need to actually change the Word of God, although many do, they merely have to interpret it incorrectly or ignore it. The scribe, teachers, and prophets were claiming everything was good with what they were doing according to the Law, when in fact it was all lies to the people. And Jeremiah verses 8:9 shows they were rejecting the word of the Lord and applying it falsely, not corrupting/rewriting the actual text.

If the messianic prophecies had all been changed then Jeremiah would not contain any...

Jeremiah 23:1-6 Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the LORD. 2. Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD. 3. And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase. 4. And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. 5. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

If we look closely at what is being said in Jeremiah 8:8, we note this:

Jeremiah 8:8 How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain. (KJV)

Jeremiah 8:8 showing Strong's Hebrew numbers:

HowH349 do ye say,H559 WeH587 are wise,H2450 and the lawH8451 of the LORDH3068 is withH854 us? Lo,H2009 certainlyH403 in vainH8267 madeH6213 he it; the penH5842 of the scribesH5608 is in vain.H8267

From the Jewish Publication Society Bible of 1917, meaning the OT:

Jeremiah 8:8 How do ye say: 'We are wise, and the Law of the LORD is with us'? Lo, certainly in vain hath wrought the vain pen of the scribes. (JPS 1917 electronic version)

8 How do ye say: 'We are wise, and the Law of HaShem is with us'? Lo, certainly in vain hath wrought the vain pen of the scribes. (JPS 1917-hareidi.org)

Eichah tomru chachamim anachnu v'torot YHVH itanu ;achen hineh lasheker asah, et sheker sofrim

This seems to imply that the false application and teaching of the Law by the scribes were making the Law vain .The Hebrew word lasheker in Strong's concordance means it can be a lie, vanity, sham.

Proverbs 30:5-6 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. 6. Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.

The scribes were responsible for teaching the Law and its spiritual application. By the misapplication and wrong teaching they were making the law vain, a sham or a lie. Jesus accused the scribes of the same thing in the New Testament.

Matthew 23:13 But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.

Matthew 15:3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.

Matthew 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

Thanks to Jesus himself we know that the Bible we have with us today is true and to be trusted. He said that he did not come to abolish the Law of Prophets but to fulfill them, so we know that the prophets' writings as were available in the time of Jesus, and before, were true and authentic. Otherwise Jesus would have brought out that point. Instead He affirms their witness and states that He himself is the fulfillment of what they pointed to.

Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
Luke 24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spoke unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

2 Peter 1:19-21 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 21. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

We also know that the New Testament, which encompassed the writings concerning Christ and what the New Covenant entails is also viewed as Scripture inspired by God and protected.

2 Timothy 3:16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17. That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

2 Peter 3:15-18 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16. As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. 17. Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness. 18. But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.

 Jesus said:

Matthew 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed
unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which
bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.

And we see how the New reflects some of the old.

John 13:34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one
another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

1Jn 2:7 Brethren, I write no new commandment unto you, but an old
commandment which ye had from the beginning. The old commandment is
the word which ye have heard from the beginning.
1Jn 2:8 Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in
him and in you: because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth.

The words used for "bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old."

The word kainos is used for new which means ---

new G2537
καινός
kainos
Thayer Definition:
1) new
1a) as respects form
1a1) recently made, fresh, recent, unused, unworn
1b) as respects substance
1b1) of a new kind, unprecedented, novel, uncommon, unheard of
Part of Speech: adjective
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: of uncertain affinity

It is the same word used in a "new commandment". The word old means this.

old G3820
παλαιός
palaios
Thayer Definition:
1) old, ancient
2) no longer new, worn by use, the worse for wear, old
Part of Speech: adjective
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G3819

Psalms 119:9-12 BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word. 10. With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me not wander from thy commandments. 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. 12. Blessed art thou, O LORD: teach me thy statutes.

Hebrews 4:12-13 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 13. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

Endnote

JPS 1917 > Jewish Publication Society Bible  Copyright © 1917 by the Jewish Publication Society of America > The Electronic Text is copyright © 1995, by Larry Nelson, P.O Box 1681, Cathedral City, CA, 92234. (760) 770-4462. All rights reserved. Used by permission.  see also >http://hareidi.org/bible/Jeremiah8.htm#8    Portions copyright © 1997 by Benyamin Pilant, All Rights Reserved
JPS Electronic
Edition Copyright © 1998 by Larry Nelson,

Myth: Paul never wrote the book of Romans. It says right in your Bible that Paul never wrote the book of Romans, he dictated it to Tertius.

A. Apparently some have never understood or head of the term 'dictation' with regards to the apostle Paul particularly. People mentioned such as Tertius were either hired or volunteered to write what Paul dictated. It does not say it was translated by Tertius.

Romans 16:21-24 Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you. 22. I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord. 23. Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother. 24. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

Tertius G5060

Τέρτιος

Tertios

Thayer Definition:

Tertius = “third”

1) amanuensis of Paul in writing the epistle to the Romans

Part of Speech: noun proper masculine

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: of Latin origin

Amanuensis AMANUEN'SIS, n. [L. from manus, hand.]  [Webster's dictionary]

A person whose employment is to write what another dictates.

Nor did they consider:

Rom 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;

Rom 1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Rom 1:14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise.

Greeks> G1672
Ἕλλην
Hellēn
Thayer Definition:
1) a Greek either by nationality, whether a native of the main land or of the Greek islands or colonies
2) in a wider sense the name embraces all nations not Jews that made the language, customs, and learning of the Greeks their own; the primary reference is to a difference of religion and worship


barbarians G915
βάρβαρος
barbaros
Thayer Definition:
1) one whose speech is rude, rough and harsh
2) one who speaks a foreign or strange language which is not understood by another
3) used by the Greeks of any foreigner ignorant of the Greek language, whether mental or moral, with the added notion after the Persian war, of rudeness and brutality. The word is used in the N.T. without the idea of reproachfulness.

Paul said he did a salutation in all his epistles in his own hand...meaning he always wrote something to the recipients. Many people wrote for Paul as he dictated, or as he may have rested from writing or have been unable to physically write.

2Th 3:17 The salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I write. 18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. <The second epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.>

Rom 16:24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

1Th 5:28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen. <The first epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.>

1Co 16:24 My love be with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen. <The first epistle to the Corinthians was written from Philippi by Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus and Timotheus.>

2Co 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. <The second epistle to the Corinthians was written from Philippi, a city of Macedonia, by Titus and Lucas.>

Gal 6:18 Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen. <To the Galatians written from Rome.>

Eph 6:24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. <To the Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.>

Php 4:23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. <To the Philippians written from Rome, by Epaphroditus.>

Col 4:18 The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds. Grace be with you. Amen. <Written from Rome to Colossians by Tychicus and Onesimus.>

1Ti 6:21 Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with thee. Amen. <The first to Timothy was written from Laodicea, which is the chiefest city of Phrygia Pacatiana.>

2Ti 4:22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen. <The second epistle unto Timotheus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Ephesians, was written from Rome, when Paul was brought before Nero the second time.>

Tit 3:15 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen. <It was written to Titus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Cretians, from Nicopolis of Macedonia.>

Phm 1:19 I Paul have written it with mine own hand, I will repay it: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides. ...25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen. <Written from Rome to Philemon, by Onesimus a servant.>

Hebrews 13:22-25 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words. 23. Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come shortly, I will see you. 24. Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you. 25. Grace be with you all. Amen. <Written to the Hebrews from Italy, by Timothy.> **** although many reject the idea that Paul wrote this epistle, whoever wrote it continued with the salutation in the style of Paul.

Myth. The issue with the camel and the eye of the needle is not an idiom but a bad translation, in which the word "large rope" should have been used. This ‘opens up a whole new can of worms,’ as a separate issue of mistranslating the texts by pagan Greeks and the need to search for the truth.

A.   The scripture for this teaching:

Matthew 19:24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. 25 When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? 26  But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.

Realistically, whether or not the word is camel or rope [which many Hebrew Roots adherents are convinced is the "proper" translation] means little to understanding the meaning of the text.  Jesus was making a comparison of the difficulty of a rich person getting into Heaven. He was using an exaggeration, a hyperbole.  It was not meant to be literal.

Looking at the reaction of the disciples,  we see that they were *exceedingly* amazed and wondered how anyone could be saved.  So the exaggeration of what Jesus was implying completely astounded them.  A camel going through the eye of a needle would show the extent of difficulty for a rich person to get into Heaven.  As Jesus also said, that the love of material wealth was a danger to one's spiritual condition.

Luke 16:10  He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much.  11  If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches? 12  And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own?  13  No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

1 Timothy 6:10  For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

Jesus was known for making incredible, mind boggling statements that were not to be taken literally. For example: 

Matthew 5:29  And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

Matthew 5:30  And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.

The "rope through an eye of needle" canard is based on the Aramaic [Peshitta] rendering of the word “gamla” translated into English as rope by some HR 'translators'.  However; as the Aramaic is not the original language of the NT, it fails on the supposition that the Greek has been "mistranslated" because *all* of the Aramaic versions were translated from the Greek as well. Even the Old Syriac Aramaic is dated 4th or 5th century. 

 

George Howard’s Hebrew Gospel of Matthew, which is the translated Shem Tov [polemical Gospel written by a Sephardic Jew which denies that Jesus was crucified and denies His Divinity] into English, and is used by Hebrew Roots versions, was also originally written in Greek. 

Samples of the Hebrew Roots Bibles that use rope instead of camel:

RSTNE – Restored Scriptures True Name Edition - Mattityahu/Matthew 19:24  And again I say to you, It is easier for a large rope (8)  to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the malchut of  יהוה

* (8) See note on Mark 10:25 > which states:  Peshitta:  gemala can mean rope or camel and here in context means rope.

HRV – Hebrew Roots Version] Matthew 19:24  And again I tell you; It is easier to pass (573) a large rope (574) through the eye of the needle, than to bring the rich into the Kingdom of Heaven.

(574) see detailed note at the parallel phrase of Mk. 10:25

Because the footnote found in Mark 10:25 is so lengthy a simplified explanation shows that in the Aramaic the word gamla is used in the text and can be translated as either rope or camel. So a rather huge debate rages on within the HR community as to whether Jesus said camel or large rope.  As Jesus stated – this is straining at a gnat.  The NT was not written in Aramaic, but in Greek, which is translated as camel.

George Howard’s Hebrew Gospel of Matthew also known as the Shem Tov  Matthew 19:24  Again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to enter the eye of a needle than a rich man the kingdom of heaven.

Interestingly, all versions of the Bible, including the Aramaic Peshitta, the ISR, and the Complete Jewish Bible - which are proclaimed by Hebrew Roots to be "superior" texts --- *all* use camel, not rope and include the so-called "idiom" within those versions. 

Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)  Matthew 19:24   Furthermore, I tell you that it is easier for a camel to pass through a needle's eye than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.

The Scriptures '98+ (ISR) Matthew 19:24  And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the reign of Elohim.”

Lamsa (Peshitta)  Matthew 19:24  Again I say to you, It is easier for a rope to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

Etheridge (Peshitta)  Matthew 19:24  Again I say to you, that it is easier for a camel to enter through the aperture of a needle, than the rich to enter into the kingdom of Aloha.

Murdock (Peshitto)  Matthew 19:24  And again, I say to you: It is easier for a camel to enter the aperture of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God

In Matthew 19:24 the Greek word for camel  -  G2574  κα ́ μηλος   kamēlos - is used and is noted that it's of Hebrew origin by Thayers Greek Lexicon.  Apparently, the translators with their "pagan Greek mindset", had no problem translating the correct Hebrew word. 

G2574

κάμηλος

kamēlos

Thayer Definition:

1) camel

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: of Hebrew origin H1581

 

H1581

גּמל  --- gimel mem lamed

gâmâl

BDB Definition:

1) camel

1a) as property, as beast of burden, for riding, forbidden for food

There are four Hebrew words that mean rope as used in the OT - none of them are even close to gamal:

H5688

עבתה  /  עבות  /  עבת  --- ayin bet vav/tav

‛ăbôth  /  ‛ăbôthâh

BDB Definition:

1) cord, rope, cordage, foliage, interwoven foliage

1a) cord, rope, cordage, chain

1b) interwoven foliage 

 

H100

אגמון --- aleph gimel mem vav nun

'agmôn

BDB Definition:

1) rush, bulrush

1a) used as cord or line (of twisted rushes or spun of rush fibre)

1b) of the lowly, insignificant (metaphorically)

 

H2256

חבל  /  חבל --- chet bet lamed

chebel  /  chêbel

BDB Definition:

1) a cord, rope, territory, band, company

1a) a rope, cord

1b) a measuring-cord or line

 

H5364

נקפּה --- nun kof peh heh

niqpâh

BDB Definition:

1) tether, rope, encircling rope

As with much of Hebrew Roots teachings, the lack of scholarship, the attempt to undermine the validity of the original manuscripts and hence the translation into English by "pagan Greeks," and attempting to implant HR beliefs into adherents supersedes believing the Word of God. They reject the Truth instead of understanding the apostles were given inspiration to write what God wanted them to write--and in Greek--and He protected His Words.

2 Timothy 3:13-17 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived. 14. But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them; 15. And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17. That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

2 Peter 3:15-18 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; 16. As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. 17. Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness. 18. But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.

2 Peter 1:19-21 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: 20. Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 21. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Proverbs 30:5-6 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. 6. Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.

Endnotes

 

For More on: the Shem Tov please see: Myth. The "Hebrew Matthew, or Shem Tov, or Shem Tob Matthew prove a Hebrew original.  The Hebrew Matthew proves that the NT was written in Hebrew first. >  http://www.seekgod.ca/hr/hrfaqs9a.htm#shem

RSTNE – Restored Scriptures True Name Edition >  The Restoration Scriptures True Name Edition (RSTNE)   > http://www.seekgod.ca/hr/hrfaqs9a1.htm#res

HRV – Hebrew Roots Version The Hebrew Roots Version (HRV) by James Trimm >

http://www.seekgod.ca/hr/hrfaqs9a1.htm#hrv

CJB- Complete Jewish Bible >Myth. David Stern's Complete Jewish Bible (CJB), is the best Bible to use > http://www.seekgod.ca/hr/hrfaqs9a1.htm#cjb

ISR -The Scriptures >  The ISR : The Scriptures > http://www.seekgod.ca/hr/hrfaqs9a1.htm#isr

 

Lamsa Bible http://www.aramaicpeshitta.com/AramaicNTtools/dr_george_lamsa_bible.htm

Murdock Bible http://www.aramaicpeshitta.com/AramaicNTtools/Murdock/murdock.htm

Etheridge Peshitta  http://www.aramaicpeshitta.com/AramaicNTtools/Etheridge/etheridge.htm

Complete Jewish Bible - David H. Stern Jewish New Testament Publications, Inc copyright 1998. First edition July, 1998

On the promo for the ISR download to e-sword is  Source Information
Source: The Scriptures
Author/Creator:  Our Heavenly Father
Publisher Link: Institute for Scripture Research
Date Published: 12/31/1998
Subject: Bible/Dictionary

ISR - The Scriptures 1998 "Scripture taken from The Scriptures©, Copyright by Institute for Scripture Research. Used by permission”.

The Hebrew Roots Version Scriptures by James Scott Trimm Published by The Society for the Advancement of Nazarene Judaism copyright 2004

Hebrew Gospel of Matthew by George Howard Mercer University Press 1995

Back to  

Hebrew Roots FAQS & Myths

Basic Doctrinal Issues

Under the Law

Sacrifices, Feasts, Celebrations

Names For God & Jesus

Who Is Jesus

Talmud & Kabbalah

Language

Scriptures

Note: "Strong's" for Hebrew and Greek Word definitions from Strong's Exhaustive Concordance by James Strong

"Thayers" >  Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament

"BDB" >Brown-Driver-Brigg's Hebrew Definitions

02/25/2011

All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated

                Copyright . All articles are the sole property of SeekGod.ca and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.

Do You KNOW Jesus Christ?

Now is the time to accept Jesus as your Lord and Savior. "Behold now is the accepted time; behold now is the day of salvation."  2Corinthians 6:2

If you read only one article on this website,
please let it be:

God's Simple Plan of Salvation.
It concerns the most important decision
you will ever make in your life!
Don't let this opportunity to be saved pass you by.

If you don't know Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, and would like some help understanding His gift of eternal salvation, please contact us. Saying a prayer won't save you. Prayer is merely expressing to God how you feel. Believing and repenting are just the beginning of walking with Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.

 


      JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites - Free Traffic Sharing Service!