Hebrew Roots: Part IX
& Masters of the Name
Please note: Research into the Hebrew
Roots & Messianic movements constitutes research into
Judaism as well as the occult. We fully respect each persons
right to believe or utilize what resources they choose. We
however, see a clear distinction in believing the Messiah has
come versus utilizing resources which still await His coming.
That is how and why we must evaluate all to Christ and the New
Testament as well as the Tenach. We do not wish to edit or
criticize Judaism, but recognize it as distinct from our
Christian beliefs, just as many in Judaism also see a
distinction and separateness from our beliefs, and we jointly
have mutual respect for our differences and each other.
the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times
some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing
spirits, and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in
hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot
To help us understand
clearly whether we are indeed seeing in the Hebrew Roots
Movement and Kabbalah the techniques of magic, sorcery,
witchcraft and so on, we need to understand what matters
constitute those practices. This writer has no wish to present
various occult practices in detail. There has been much
already in these articles, for those who are believers, that
has been difficult to look upon.
As stated previously,
according to S. L. McGregor Mathers in the "Introduction
to the Kabbalah Unveiled":
"The Qabalah is
usually classed under four headings:
- The practical Qabalah.
- The literal Qabalah.
- The unwritten Qabalah.
- The dogmatic Qabalah.
practical Qabalah deals with talismanic and ceremonial
Nesta Webster cites 17th
century Cabalist and English Rosicrucian, Robert Fludd, who
defined the various forms of magic.
"In dealing with the
question of Magic it is necessary to realize that although
to the world in general the word is synonymous with
necromancy, it does not bear this significance in the
language of occultism, particularly the occultism of the
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Magic at this date was
a term employed to cover many branches of investigation
which Robert Fludd, the English Rosucrucian, classified
under various headings, of which the first three are as
follows: (1) "Natural magic,…that most occult
and secret department of physics by which the mystical
properties of natural substances are extracted"; (2) Mathematical
Magic, which enables adepts in the art to
"construct marvellous machines by means of their
geometrical knowledge"; whilst (3) Venefic Magic
"is familiar, with potions, philitre, and with various
preparations of poisons."1" 2.
"…all these have
passed into the realms of science and are no longer regarded
as magical arts; but the further categories enumerated by
Fludd and comprised under the general heading of Necromantic
Magic retain the popular sense of the term. These are
described as (1) Goetic, which consists in
"diabolical commerce with unclean spirits, in rites of
criminal curiosity, in illicit songs and invocations, and in
the evocation of the souls of the dead"; (2) Maleficent,
which is the adjuration of the devils by the virtue of
Divine Names; and (3) Theurgic, purporting "to
be governed by good angels and the Divine Will, but its
wonders are most frequently performed by evil spirits, who
assume the names of God and of angels." (4) "The
last species of magic is the Thaumaturgic, begetting
illusory phenomena; by this art the Magi produced their
phantoms and other marvels." To this list might be
added Celestial Magic, or knowledge dealing with the
influence of the heavenly bodies, on which astrology is
David Conway states in
"Ritual Magic", that there are many manuscripts
related to the esoteric teachings referred to in the Talmud
and more importantly the writings of Kabbalah. Most involved
in "traditional" kabbalah, believe the teachings to
be divinely inspired:
"Besides The Zohar,
the other chief book of the Kabbalists "the Sefer
Yetsirah, or Book of Creation...is thought to date from the
6th century....Another important work is the Sefer-hab-Bahir,
or Book of Bahir, which was probably written in the 6th
century by Isaac the Blind. Supporters of the Kabbalah
insist, however, that it can be nothing less than divinely
The chief book of the
Kabbalah, the Sepher Yetzirah (Book of Creation) is considered
to be older than the Talmud, simply "…by the fact that
in the Talmud the Rabbis are described as studying it for
magical purposes…" 5.
As stated previously, it is
believed by various Jewish leaders, that only those who have
full understanding of Jewish sacred teachings would or should
be taught the Kabbalah. It is suggested that Sages in the past
have taken great pains to protect the teachings from the
uninitiated and those of other faiths.
Today we see that certain
books are considered necessary for initiation into Kabbalah.
Dr. Philip Berg, founder of The Kabbalah Learning Center, is
considered to be a radical by "traditional kabbalists."
Berg, whose influence is growing, includes such titles as
"Inner Space" by Aryeh Kaplan, which he states is
"a must read." Kaplan's works are also highly
recommended by traditional Kabbalists. Next, Berg recommends
the works, "Practical Guide to Qabalistic Symbolism"
Vols. I & II, and "The Square", which compare
and expand on the eastern disciplines of Yoga, and then the
proper paths of the "Tree of Life." Listed as well
is "The True and Invisible Rosicrucian Order", which
presents the Rosicrucian system of initiation and the methods
for understanding mystical and holy texts through Gematria.
Added to that is the book, "The Tarot", which is a
deep analysis of the "Tree of Life" including
descriptions of the Tarot keys and their relationships to
those paths. 6.
Dr. Berg lists as Reference
Books, The Holy Bible, with this disclaimer:
"Both Kabbalists and
Qabalists will require The Torah, Qabalists will need
Gospels, as well, as Jesus was both a Rabbi and a Master
Kabbalalist. I can not not suggest a particular version, as
they are all filled with error. You will have to fight the
deception, yourself. You may wish to avail yourself of a
good Jewish Linear Torah." 7.
Dr Berg also lists the
"Sefer Yetzirah: The Book of Creation" by Aryeh
Kaplan and "The Zohar", as do traditional Kabbalists,
who would also recommend Jewish prayer books. It should be
noted that Aryeh Kaplan is repeatedly used as a source in
Peter Michas' book "The Rod of An Almond Tree In God's
Various Jewish, secular,
Kabbalist or other sources would say that Jesus Christ our
Lord was a Kabbalist or a member of the Essenes, who are
considered by some to have been Master Kabbalists of the
highest order. There are teachings that suggest that Jesus
handed down a secret oral tradition and that is why some
Qabbalists willingly disseminate a perversion of the Gospels
with their occult doctrine. We know that Jesus held no
"secret" oral traditions that were passed on to an
"Jesus answered him,
I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue,
and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in
secret have I said nothing. Why askest thou me? ask them
which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they
know what I said."
1 Corinthians 3:20-21
"And again, The Lord
knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain.
Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are
The Kabbalist attitude
towards most rituals is governed by four fundamental
principles, which are applied with many variants. Gershom
Scholem states these principles to be:
- Harmony between the rigid
powers of judgment and the flowing powers of mercy.
- The sacred marriage, or conjunctio
of the masculine and feminine.
- Redemption of the Shekhinah
from its entanglement in the 'other side.'
- Defense against, or
mastery over, the powers of the 'other side' " 8.
"The blowing of the shofar
on New Year's Day, for example, is explicitly associated
with the first and fourth purposes. The rituals of the great
festivals and particularly the Sabbath are related to the
sacred marriage. Often a single ritual represents the whole
sefirotic world in all its aspects." 9.
Scholem states that
Kabbalists went to great extremes to anchor all their actions
and expression into a sacred ritual. From the "Shema
Yisrael" to the sabbath and feasts, "the Kabbalists
strove from the very first to anchor the ritual of
Rabbinical Judaism in myth by means of a mystical practice."
[emphasis in original] 10.
The mainstreaming of many of
these rituals is reflected in the "revival" that is
sweeping worldwide. It is becoming matter of course for many
groups, from Messsianic and HR, to the Pope's mass, for
example, to blow a shofar. Some use it to proclaim victory
over the enemy, or as in the case of Promise Keepers at Stand
in the Gap, to bring in the "Spirit of God" as
announced in the PK promotional for the 1997 Sacred Assembly
in Washington, DC:
"...But before the
day begins, a large instrumental call to worship will kick
off the assembly. "At sacred assemblies in Scripture,
often it would say, 'Blow the trumpet,' Schlafer said.
"In the Old Testament, the shofar (a ram's-horn
trumpet) was blown prior to battles to signify the army of
God. Our host people, the Native Americans, blew flute, and
other people groups used trumpets. So, we will use numerous
instruments to invoke the Spirit of God to consecrate the
event." he said, "As we blow the horns to start
the program, we will be announcing the arrival of royalty,
the Lord of Lords and King of Kings." 11.
We know that in the Old
Testament the Israelites blew the shofar by direct command of
God, and in obedience to Him. To 'invoke' the presence of any
spirit by the blowing of an instrument is called shammanism.
There are no connections between the Old Testament blowing of
the shofar and the idolatrous practice of invoking a spirit,
upon which Spiritualists of old and the Promise Keepers were
Since the Holy Spirit
indwells each Christian, "announcing" the arrival of
the Lord in these settings is not Biblically sound. According
to the Word of God, the 'arrival' of the King of Kings and
Lord of Lords, will take place like this:
"Behold, he cometh
with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also
which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail
because of him. Even so, Amen. "
The Jewish belief in blowing
of the Shofar is discovered to be for various reasons and in
this case is referring to that "awesome day". An
article distributed by the Jerusalem Reclamation Project
provides understanding of this modern belief. The blowing of
the Shofar signifies "the Divine speaking from within
him" and is the "catalyst which frees his soul from
"The Shofar signals
both the birth and the future of the Nation of Israel. In
the words of the prophet Isaiah, "You revealed Yourself
to Your holy people in the cloud of Your glory in order to
speak to them, You revealed yourself to them in thunder and
lightning, and You appeared to them through the sound of the
Shofar." (as quoted in Shmona Esrei Musaf of Rosh
Hashana.) [Note: this reference of the prophet Isaiah is
unable to be correlated in the book of Isaiah]
"…. Rabbi Elchanan,
the sainted author of the "Netana Tokef" prayer of
Musaf: "A great Shofar blast shall sound, and a small
still voice will be heard." If a great Shofar is blown,
how can the sound be of a small still voice? And why? The
answer is that on that awesome day, man hears an inner
voice, the voice of his soul, the Divine speaking from
within him. The Shofar blast is the catalyst which frees his
soul from its bonds and allows man to listen to it,
"And a small still voice will be heard." 12.
"Thus saith the Lord,
thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am
the Lord that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the
heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh
diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh
their knowledge foolish."
The sages viewed the written
Torah as having magical meanings, which they obtained using
"…In the practical
Cabala this method of "decoding" is reduced to a
theurgic or magical system in which the healing of diseases
plays an important part and is effected by means of the
mystical arrangements of numbers and letters, by the
pronunciation of the Ineffable Name, by the use of amulets
and talismans, or by compounds supposed to contain certain
so-called occult properties. " 13.
Davila in "Ancient
Magic" reveals historical evidence of the Jewish occult
practices, including the magic use of amulets for such things
as exorcism, domination of others and protection from demons.
"…from roughly the
fourth to seventh centuries, come the Jewish Aramaic
incantation bowls (along with Syriac and Mandaic bowls),
found in Iraq and Iran... These bowls contain inscribed spells,
usually in a spiral inside the bowl, mostly having to do
with protection from demons and other nuisances….
From roughly the same time period come Jewish amulets
inscribed on metal (usually lead, copper, or silver) in
Aramaic. These have been found mostly in Syria-Palestine and
Asia Minor…published thirty-two of them in their two
volumes of magical texts. The purposes of these amulets
are typical and include healing, exorcism, domination of
others, protection of pregnant women, etc…" 14.
Incantations are used in
order to accomplish the "magic" associated with
invoking the "Name of God." The dictionary
definition of incantation is: "a set of words spoken as a
magic charm or to cast a magic spell…sorcery…chant a magic
formula against…" 15.
If we turn to practicing
Kabbalists we see that incantations, talismans and amulets are
used and still play a significant role in their rituals. Colin
Low in his 'Kabbalah Faq' explains that a combination of the
signing of the cross (like Catholic sign), the pentagram and
certain incantations are also part of certain rituals. 16.
The Star of David plays an
important role in kabbalism and the occult. The misuse of it
as the symbol of something positive for Israel, Hebrew Roots
and Messianic groups needs to be corrected. There never was a
star symbol connected to the reign of David. This symbol is
very ancient and was always called by various other names and
always in connection to the occult. Hitler--who was heavily
involved in theosophy-- used this occult symbol to attempt to shame the
The double triangle is
[currently and historically] the
symbol for the "chakras of Hinduism" and
corresponding sefiroth of kabbalists and also, for witchcraft,
sorcery and magicians. It is also referred to as the
"male/female triangle", the Crest or Seal of
Solomon, the Shield of David, and the hexagram, which is the
most wicked symbol in witchcraft. 17.
Dr. Cathy Burns relates that
the hexagram is linked with spiritualism in such matters as
consulting the dead, reincarnation, the calling up of demons
and in some sorcery, is viewed as the footprint of certain
demons. The list of its applications includes the Hindu gods
and goddesses and many others. 18.
to the 1972 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica, under
the article, Magen
David, this hexagram symbol is known under various
names: “Hebrew…Shield of David…hexagram or six-pointed
star.” In this Jewish article, the six-pointed star
or hexagram is mentioned many times and acknowledged as being
a magical symbol:
Arab sources the hexagram…was widely used under the
designation “seal of Solomon,” a term which was also taken
over by many Jewish groups…It is not clear in which period
the hexagram was engraved on the seal or ring of Solomon,
mentioned in the Talmud (Git.68a-b) as a sign of his dominion
over the demons instead of the name of God, which originally
appeared…In Arabic magic the “seal of Solomon” was
widely used, but at first it’s use in Jewish circles was
restricted to relatively rare cases. Even then, the hexagram
and pentagram were easily interchangeable and the name was
applied to both figures.”
1300 and 1700 the two terms shield of David and seal of
Solomon, are used indiscriminately, predominately in
1972 Edition, Article: Magen David ]
Those who think that
the hexagram is the real symbol of Israel--which is in
fact, the 7 candle menorah,-- are uninformed. Even
Judaic anti-missionaries suggest it came from
Babylonian pagan worship, but in the same breath say
that doesn't matter. God dealt with the star of
remphan/chiun/molech that some in Israel went after...
Acts 7:41 And they
made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto
the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own
hands.42 Then God turned, and gave them up to worship
the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of
the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to
me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty
years in the wilderness? 43 Yea, ye took up the
tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan,
figures which ye made to worship them: and I will
carry you away beyond Babylon. See also: Deuteronomy
4:19; 17:3; 2 Kings 17:16; 21:3; Psalm 81:12; Jeremiah
19:13; Ezekiel 20:25,39; Amos 5:25-26; Romans 1:24; 2
history have also adopted it as the symbol for the Talisman of
Saturn and involves the worship of the god Remphan, which is
referred to in the Bible (Acts 7:37-43). It is also referred
to in Scripture as the star of Molech (Amos 5:26-27) -- an
abomination to God. Solomon became involved in this paganism
and built an altar to Molech. An occult source presents a
complete history of the Talisman of Saturn or Remphan and its
connection to kabbalists at: http://id.mind.net/~wolfc/library/magic/talismans/talisman.htm
Please note also the
connection of the Star of David and the mark of the beast,
Talismans and astrology. One man, a believer in Christ and of
Hebrew descent, said this regarding the occult connections of
the Star of David in those articles:
"... Your expose' on
the six pointed star again clearly reveals the true nature
of this abomination. I asked some leading rabbis in Israel
about it, and they confessed that it was not a traditional
seal of Israel and its origin was only sketchy at best. We
also talked a bit about the Kaballah; with my staunch
denunciation of it. Israel is in bondage under that
abominable sign and even the sincere don't realize it, and
worse even the saved!!
"I had a real
uneasiness about it and purged any sign of it from the house
a couple of years ago. My wife had a fit, and thought I was
crazy for listening to a former Illuminist witch who swore
the magen David was extremely evil. I followed my
convictions, and your site sealed it for me tonight. I had
not realized its direct link to the star of Egypt, and now I
The Star of David symbol
also has sexual significance for occult practices. In the book
"Masonic and Occult Symbols" by Dr. Cathy Burns we
symbolized in witchcraft as a point with an circle and also
as the unity of two triangles making a hexagram. These are
represented in the Washington Monument and the Star of
David. The Mexican Indians used the hexagram as a symbol of
their phallic worship. For 300 years the Star of David or
Hexagram was known as the "Crest of Solomon." It
is used to conjure up demons and is the most evil sign in
witchcraft. It means "to hex" or to put a spell on
"When the male
triangle penetrates the female triangle, it forms the
six-pointed crest of the Seal of Solomon or hexagram, the
most wicked symbol in witchcraft". 20.
It should be noted that the
Promise Keepers Sacred Assembly was held before the Washington
Monument, an obelisk which is a phallic symbol built by the
Further connections become
apparent as stated by the Masonic J.D. Buck, who explains that
the Star of David and "six-pointed star" or hexagram
symbol of the House of Theosophy are identical to the compass
equilibrium of spirit and matter is symbolized by the
six-pointed star, which is again only another form of the
Square and Compass, each having a base-line from which to
form a triangle." 21.
Pagan symbolism has
infiltrated many denominations that fly the banner of
Christianity and as a matter of historical fact, this writer
presents the following argument against symbols. If we believe
the Bible is the true Word of God--we must start with what God
said. In Deuteronomy 4:14-19; 23; 7:25-26, God reminds us to
avoid anything connected with false gods, images, idolatry or
necromancy. Certainly many other verses referring to
witchcraft, sorcery and astrology are listed as abominations
We are to have nothing to do
with promoting or embracing any symbolism that is associated
with that wickedness. This was not written for the Jews of the
Old Testament only, but must also apply now. There is nothing
that man can create, that may become an emblem or symbol of
"Forasmuch then as we
are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the
Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by
art and man's devices."
It is no surprise that many
Christians have inadvertently adopted occult symbolism who
should never have done so. We find that many religious groups
use crosses such as the squared red (and other colors) cross,
which was the symbol for the Knights Templar and other occult
groups. Many wear jewelry, which, according to Cathy Burns,
has its origins in the occult and was worn generally for
protection as cited above or other similar ideas. From
gemstones and birthstones, which are based on the occult, to
cross necklaces, pendants and nativity charms, to the star of
David, we see Christians adopt paganism that is forbidden to
the Lord: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to
another, neither my praise to graven images."
The physical symbol of the
cross, often with a crown, and in various forms has also been
used as an occult symbol.
"...In Gaul we find
the cross to have been a solar symbol when it had equal arms
and angles; to the Phoenicians it was an instrument of
sacrifice to their god, Baal; and to the Egyptians, the
crux ansata was his symbol of eternal life…" 23.
We need no symbolism. We
have Jesus Christ and the Word of God as a daily reminder. We
are to abstain from even the appearance of evil.
1 Thessalonians 5:21-22
"Prove all things;
hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of
"There shall not be
found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter
to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an
observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, Or a
charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a
wizard, or a necromancer. For all that do these things
are an abomination to the Lord."
While the information
presented has spoken of historical manuscripts and clearly
Kabbalist websites, the question must be answered as to
whether talismans, amulets, incantations and other occult
practices are being further mainstreamed, in Jewish culture
and adapted for use by Messianic or Hebrew Roots
organizations. From the Spring 1999, "THE SOURCE FOR
EVERYTHING JEWISH catalogue, we see some of the items which
reflect today's interest in these practices.
Filigree Hand Amulet
Pendant. "Hamsa amulet is said to offer protection
from the "evil eye." [An inquiry re: Hamsa, --a
customer was told by the Jewish salesperson that the
protection wasn't guaranteed but she wears several to keep
evil away and, "they only work if you believe in
them" & "… it's the same deal with
Christians who wear crosses."]
Celestial Star Pendant
[a star of David necklace]
Three Symbols Amulet
Pendant - "Hamsa (the Arabic word for
"five") -- symbolizing the protective hand of the
Almighty -- holds Magen David [Star of David] and Chai (the
Hebrew word for "life") "
"The Haggadah of
Passover with Pop-up Spreads": "Adapted from
the Bird's Head Haggadah, dating back to 13th century
Germany. That historic manuscript was known for its
illustrations showing the Hebrews with Birds' heads."
In the book section of this
current catalogue, under the heading of "Meditation &
Healing," we find the promotion of meditation techniques
and many "New Age" concepts:
"Healing Hand" Pendant :" The symbol
originated in ancient India and represents the henna
patterns of India and Africa. Energy radiates out from the
central symbol-- in this case, a Star of David--
which sends healing energy where it is needed most."
A Personal Guide To Jewish Meditation, Healing and Personal
Growth." by Melinda Ribner. Step-by-step manual
integrating the spiritual teaching and meditation lessons of
the Musar, Hasidic and Kabbalistic schools.
The Heart of Judaism" "Edited by Avram Davis.
In their own words, 22 masters of meditation--
rabbis, scholars, psychologists, teachers-- explain both the
"how" and the "why" of their
Temple of the Soul" by : " Tamar Frankel and
Judy Greenfield. Tap the power of the Jewish tradition to
awaken the body, balance the mind, and connect the soul.
Simple exercises and movements, meditations and
"Star of David
Harmony Bell": "Since its creation in ancient
times, the chiming sphere has served as a meditative device
effective in reducing stress. Listening to its melodious
sound while holding the metal sphere in the palm of your
hand is a truly soothing experience."
Sterling Protective Amulets" : "…protection
against the "evil-eye." "Guard Us"
Pendant Hebrew calligraphy translates as-- "GUARD US
FROM ALL EVIL, FROM ALL FEAR AND FROM ALL ILLNESS."
Amulet Pendant": "Mystical object is meant to
offer protection to the wearer. "SHADDAI-- one of
the names of the Almighty-- appears in many Kabbalistic
Ruby Amulet Rings" : "14k gold and sterling
silver with ruby gemstone. According to Kabbalah, the
ruby offers the wearer special protection from the
"evil eye," preserves health of body and soul,
guards in pregnancy and childbirth, and protects from bad
Ring Heb-Eng engraving-- "GUARD US FROM ALL EVIL,
FROM ALL FEAR AND FROM ALL ILLNESS" 25.
The question that must be
asked is: Why are Hebrew Roots, Messianic and many other
"religious" organizations using the hexagram as the
symbol for their logo, often with a book, presumably a Bible
or Talmud, laid open upon it, or portrayed with other Hebrew
figures or symbols within it? How many will continue to do so,
even if warned? How many in HR leadership are sporting such
articles as hexagram pendants or amulets and rings for the
very purposes listed above. These things are not sold for any
other purposes, but those listed in the Jewish Catalogue.
Dissemination of Magic
Although rejected by many
"traditional Kabbalists", Dr. Philip S. Berg,
mentioned above, is significant in today's dissemination of
kabbalah teachings to the general public. From the CHRISTIAN
NEWS, of Monday, February 1, 1999 we read that Dr. Berg's
influence through the Kabbalah learning Center is widespread:
1)The Kabbalah Learning
Center (KLC) has attracted national attention for its
celebrity studded events and participation (including the
singer Madonna and comedienne Roseanne). But increasingly
the organization is the center of attention and criticism
for its effort to rework traditional Jewish Mysticism for
modern Jewish and non-Jewish seekers. Anti-cultists and
Jewish watchdog group "Jews for Judaism" have
claimed that the KLC engages in unethical behavior. KLC's
founder Rabbi Phillip Berg is alleged to have advised
members to pay the group large sums of money and divorce
their spouses under his "divine" direction. The
KLC is also partaking in the current millennial fervor: Berg
teaches the world's end might arrive on September 11,1999.
If, however, mankind takes to "sharing" more and
studying kabbalistic texts, the species may be spared."
(Source: FactNet Newsletter, October/December; Sunday
NewYork Times Magazine, December 27). Religion Watch, P.O.
Box 652, North Bellmore, N.Y. 11710)"
Isaac B. Singer, author of,
"Great Mysteries of the Cabala," (which is being
promoted for Grade six children through the Jr. Great Books
program) has also been mentioned. A brief Review and some
quotes from, A DAY OF PLEASURE: STORIES OF A BOY GROWING UP IN
WARSAW, allows some insights into the upbringing of this
"… The Singers were
Hasidic Jews. Singer's mother's father was the Rabbi of
Bilgoray, near Lublin (Poland) His mother cut her hair short
and wore a wig (matron's wig) as do the other married women
of the Hassidim. (they still do) As a child, he studied the
Talmud for his schoolbooks and was taught mostly religion.
His father sat throughout the day studying the Talmud. In
his home, his father had a rabbinical court. Isaac was
taught that if the Jews conducted themselves piously, the
Messiah would come and they would all return to Israel.
Theodore Herzl (Zionist) died the year Singer was born.
Herzl preached that Jews must not wait for the coming of the
Messiah but should start to build Palestine by themselves.
(the land belonged then to the Turks) There were
revolutionaries on his street who wanted to get rid of the
Tsar of Russia (Communists). His father would tell stories
about miracles performed by rabbis; of ghosts, devils and
imps. "In this way he wanted to strengthen our belief
in God and in the good and evil powers who reign in the
world." "In our home there was always talk about
spirits of the dead that possess the bodies of the living,
souls reincarnated as animals, houses inhabited by
hobgoblins, cellars haunted by demons." "One day,
when I was about eight, he[father] told us a story found in
one of the holy books - by Rabbi Eliyahu Graidiker - [adept
kabbalist] or one of the other Graidiker sages. The story
was about a girl possessed by four demons. They could be
seen crawling around in her intestines, blowing up her belly
- slithering into her legs...The Rabbi of Graidik had
exorcized the evil spirits with the blowing of the ram's
horn, with incantations, and the incense of magic
herbs." …His mother took him to be blessed against
the evil eye…Singer boasts that, "Not only could I
read a page of the Talmud by myself, I kept trying my
father's volumes of the Cabala, still without understanding
much" [at age 10] His friend Mendel was, "richer
than any Rothschild." He told a friend, "I know
the Cabala...I can recite a spell and fly up in the
air...There is one spell that if you utter it..."
"Neighbors...spit to ward off the evil eye"
"The Talmud says it is wrong to consider David a
sinner..." "The world is full of transmigrant
The secret gnostic doctrines
of kabbalah are perversions of the true doctrines of
Scripture, of which, "…they that are unlearned and
unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto
their own destruction." (II Pet. 3:16)
We know that God does not
contradict Himself. When God said to not be involved in
sorcery, magic, astrology and paganism, because they were an
abomination to Him, this writer believes He meant it.
"Now the works of the
flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication,
uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft,
emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings,
murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the
which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time
past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the
kingdom of God."
ye in the Lord for ever: for in the Lord Jehovah is
Much of the interpretation
and mystical practices of the oral Torah are related to the
Name of God. The Tetragrammaton or Schem Hamphorasch refers to
what Kabbalists and many Orthodox Jews call the Ineffable
Name. The four-lettered name of God, in Hebrew is, "yod,
he, vau, he", or in English capitals YHVH, although some
occult sources say it's IHVH. Others also state that the YHVH
is "yood, hey, vood, hey." According to various
writings, the true ancient pronunciation is now unknown since
it has been believed that the Name was too sacred to be
written or pronounced by the profane. In reading the sacred
writings, the term 'Adonai' was substituted for that reason.
That teaching is also why Hebrew Roots and Messianic adherents
write God as "G-d."
We read in Exodus 33:19 and
"And the Lord
descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed
the name of the Lord. And the Lord passed by before him, and
proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious,
longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth."
And in the New Testament:
Philippians 2:10 -11
"That at the name of
Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things
in earth, and things under the earth; And that every
tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to
the glory of God the Father."
Quoting various sources,
Nesta Webster states that the 'real' Name of God was hidden
from the people for the reasons stated above.
Tetragrammaton might only be uttered once a year on the Day
of Atonement by the High Priest in the Holy of Holies amid
the sound of trumpets and cymbals, which prevented the
people from hearing it. It is said that in consequence of
the people thus refraining from its utterance, the true
pronunciation of the name was at last lost. The Jews further
believed that the Tetragrammaton was possessed by unbounded
powers. "He who pronounces it shakes heaven and earth
and inspires the very angels with astonishment and
terror."2. "The Ineffable Name thus conferred
miraculous gifts; it was engraved on the rod of Moses and
enabled him to perform wonders, just as, according to the
Toledut Yeshu, it conferred the same powers on
From other information, we
know that the sages, who promoted this belief, were mystics,
many of whom also believed the entire Torah was the Name of
God. Through gematria permutations and other practices,
"72 names of God" could also be discovered. The
Divine or Ineffable Name is believed to be known only by those
adepts that qualify for that secret initiation and knowledge
and these are believed to become endowed with "magical
powers" by uttering or writing it.
Freemason, Albert Mackey,
associated the Ineffable Name of God with the point within the
circle or the male/female principle, as quoted in Cathy
Burns' HIDDEN SECRETS OF FREEMASONRY:
"The Ineffable Name
of God in Hebrew, being read Cabalistically, included within
itself the male and female principle, the generative and
prolific energy of creation; and here we have, again, the
widely-spread equivalent, the point within the circle, and
another pregnant proof of the connection between Freemasonry
and the ancient Mysteries." 28.
Cathy Burns again quotes
Albert Mackey, who refers to the male/female aspect of God as
represented by the Tetragrammaton:
supposed to denote the hermaphroditic essence of Jehovah as
containing within himself the male and female
From articles such as,
Kabbalah and Jewish Mysticism, we learn of legends in the
Talmud and Zohar about rabbis who uttered or wrote the
Tetragrammaton and thereby "created an artificial
man." There are also Talmudic and Kabbalist stories of
rabbis creating animals for food and other such legends by use
of the "Name".
"The Talmud and other
sources ascribe supernatural activities to many great
rabbis. Some rabbis pronounced a name of G-d and ascended
into heaven to consult with the G-d and the angels on issues
of great public concern. One scholar is said to have created
an artificial man [Golem] by reciting various names of G-d.
Much later stories tell of a rabbi who created a man out of
clay and brought it to life by putting in its mouth a piece
of paper with a name of G-d on it. However, this area of
Kabbalah is known by very few, and practiced by even
Many sources claim that
these "golem" did not have a real soul, because that
would be unacceptable—to create what only God is able to do.
These acts were considered permissible and are not considered
to be the same as those involved in Black magic, although no
explanation is given as to the difference. Some suggest it
simply showed the adept's ability to be close to God's wisdom
and creative ability. These sages are considered to be Holy
men and above reproach. Others state that these 'creations'
were a form of initiation and proved the adepts knowledge of
the Name and other issues.
Gershom Scholem suggests
that while many created the "golem" from the earth,
others were able to produce the "creature" by
"influx of the alphabet"--out of thin air. Many
stories recount that the "golem" was made to
"work" or accompany the adept, although few
"golem" are reported to have the ability of
"speech". Polish stories particularly focus on the
'golem' as a mute worker who was able to follow commands.
According to Scholem (p.172), it was this parallel in Jewish
golem and alchemy that finally led to Paracelsus' idea of the
"homunculus." These wax or clay figures were
employed in back magic to inflict injury on enemies.
Behind the preoccupation of
modern science with cloning lies the Kabbalistic art of
alchemy for eugenics purposes. Progress in this occult science
is now being realised with the cloning of the first human
embryo at the Rosslin Institute, which is near the site of the
Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland, the holiest shrine of the Knights
According to the Toledot
Yeshu and similar writings, the miracles of Christ are a
reflection of His possession of this same "mastery"
over the Name, no different than any other "adept."
of the Name
thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None
seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted
thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I am, and none else
Historical records reveal
many Jewish adepts who made an impact on their peers by their
magical abilities, although many orthodox Jews rejected their
feats as charlatanism. However, their magical abilities were
also the impetus for various movements which divided the Jews
over whether the particular adept was indeed the long awaited
These adepts were called
Masters of the Name or Baal Shems. The term, "Baal Shem
means that the person was regarded as expert in the 'practical
kabbalah' or magic. 'Baal Shem means literally one who is
master of the name of God, who knows how to employ it."
Citing from "The
Harmsworth Encyclopœdia" and the "Diary of Samuel
Pepys", Webster recounts the origins of the term
"Master of the Name".
"Since the sixteenth
century the great mass of Jewry had settled in Poland, and a
succession of miracle- workers known by the name of Zaddikim
or Ba'al Shems had arisen. The latter word, which signifies
" Master of the Name," originated with the German
Polish Jews and was derived from the Cabalistic belief in
the miraculous use of the sacred name of Jehovah, known as
Cabalistic traditions, certain Jews of peculiar sanctity or
knowledge were able with impunity to make use of the Divine
Name. A Ba'al Shem was therefore one who had acquired
this power and employed it in writing amulets, invoking
spirits, and prescribing cures for various diseases.
Poland and particularly Podolia---which had not yet been
ceded to Russia---became thus a centre of Cabalism where a
series of extraordinary movements of a mystical kind
followed each other. In 1666, when the Messianic era was
still believed to be approaching, the whole Jewish world was
convulsed by the sudden appearance of Shabbethai Zebi,
the son of a poulterer in Smyrna named Mordecai, who
proclaimed himself the promised Messiah and rallied to his
support a huge following not only amongst the Jews of
Palestine, Egypt, and Eastern Europe, but even the
hard-headed Jews of the Continental bourses. 1. Samuel Pepys
in his Diary refers to the bets made amongst the Jews in
London on the chances of " a certain person now in
Smyrna, " being acclaimed King of the World and the
true Messiah. 2 " 32.
Just as the Dalai Lama is
said to exude an exquisite perfume or odor, so too are Baal
Shems noted. Shabbethai dared to proclaim himself to be God.
From the Jewish Encyclopœdia, article on Shabbethai Zebi, we
learn of his fate.
"… Shabbethai, who
was an expert Cabalist and had the temerity to utter the
Ineffable Name Jehovah, was said to be possessed of
marvelous powers, his skin exuded exquisite perfume, he
indulged perpetually in sea-bathing and lived in a state of
chronic ecstasy. The pretensions of Shabbethai, who
took the title of " King of the Kings of the Earth,"
split Jewry in two; many Rabbi's launched imprecations
against him and those who had believed in him were bitterly
disillusioned when, challenged by the Sultan to prove his
claim to be the Messiah by allowing poisoned arrows to be
shot at him, he suddenly renounced the Jewish faith and
proclaimed himself a Mohammedan. His conversion, however,
appeared to be only partial, for "at times he would
assume the role of the pious Mohammedan and revile Judaism;
at others he would enter into relations with Jews as one of
their own faith. "3 By this means the he retained the
allegiance both of Moslems and of the Jews. But the Rabbis,
alarmed for the cause of Judaism, succeeded in obtaining his
incarceration by the Sultan in a castle near Belgrade, where
he died of colic in 1676." 1." 33.
Isaiah 47: 12-14
"Stand now with thine
enchantments, and with the multitude of thy counsels. Let
now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly
prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things
that shall come upon thee. Behold, they shall be as stubble;
the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves
from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to
warm at, nor fire to sit before it."
It should be noted that
historically, while there had been great dissension over the kabbalah, when the Spanish
kabbalist, Nahmanides, proclaimed
his support and taught it, most open protests eventually
ceased. Nesta Webster recounts how Baal Shems continued to
appear, one of the most notable being Baal Shem Tob:
"… This prosaic
ending to the career of the Messiah [Shabbethai] did not,
however, altogether extinguish the enthusiasm of his
followers, and Shabbethan movement continued into the next
century. In Poland Cabalism broke out with renewed energy;
fresh Zaddikim and Ba'al Shems arose, the most noted of
these men, Israel of Podolia, known as Ba'al Shem Tob, or by
the initial letters of his name, Besht, who founded his sect
of Hasidism in 1740.
Besht, whilst opposing
bigoted Rabbinism and claiming the Zohar as his inspiration,
did not, however, adhere strictly to the doctrine of the
Cabala that the universe was an emanation of God, but
evolved a form of Pantheism, declaring that the whole
universe was God, that even evil exists in God since evil is
not bad in itself but only in its relation to Man; sin
therefore has no positive existence. 2. As a result the
followers of Besht, calling themselves the " New
Saints," and at his death numbering no less than
40,000, …3…" 34
We find Baal Shem Tov listed
with Hillel, Shammai, Maimonides, Rashi and others who are
considered the great sages or mystics of Judaism. Theirs is
the ancient wisdom that encompasses the oral traditions, which
many are turning to in the Hebrew Roots Movement.
Gershom Scholem also
references Baal Shem Tov as the founder of the Polish Hasidic
movement and relates that a "spirit guide" taught
"Israel Baal Shem,
founder of the Hasidic movement in Poland and Russia."
On another page, " Israel Ba'al Shem is the most
celebrated of all the Jewish mystics of recent
centuries"--the founder of Polish Hasidism."
"...he had no teacher of flesh and blood to guide him
on his way---the only spiritual guide he ever alluded to was
the Prophet Ahijah of Shiloh, with whom he was in constant
spiritual and visionary contact. In short he was a pure lay
Not only was Baal Shem Tov
more than an adept peasant, but a scholar of the Talmud and
Kabbalah. Tzvi Freeman relates the struggle for acceptance of
kabbalah and how eventually adepts like Baal Shem Tov became
"There was a time
when mysticism was considered irrational, bizarre, archaic
and certainly not for the respectable, modern gentleman to
be caught dead in. "Emancipated" and
"Enlightened" Jews, therefore, denounced the
Kaballa. They called the Zohar the "Book of Lies".
They created a myth that the Kaballa was the creation of a
lunatic fringe and was entirely grown from alien roots. They
even went so far as to claim that Jews had never believed in
Mystical union with the Ein Sof, reincarnation, life after
death, meditation, etc., etc… The Baal Shem Tov and the
chassidic movement was a big thorn in the side of these
politically correct Jews. Too mystical. Too far off the
edge. And much too popular…"
"At first they tried
to deny the Baal Shem Tov had ever existed…" 36.
Freeman declares that kabbalah is central to Judaism thought and that for the past
600 years most rabbinic scholars have openly taught its
doctrine. He states that the sages of the Talmud were indeed
mystics of Kabbalist meaning, not merely scholars, as some
would have us believe.
"…Kaballa is as
central to Judaism as the sun is to the solar system, as a
heart is to a body, as Human Liberty is to America…"
"The sages of the
Talmud were mystics, as is clear from many of the tales told
therein. Since the time of the Ramban (Nachmanides) almost
every classic Jewish scholar has openly espoused the
teachings of the Kaballa…."
attempt to explain Judaism in depth has resorted to mystical
terms. Every such attempt over the last 600 or so years has
resorted to the language of Kaballa."
"The Baal Shem Tov
was a student of the Kaballa of Rabbi Yitzchaak Luria, the
"Arizal" -- as were so many of his contemporary
scholars. It amazes me how so many authors could have
imagined even for a moment that the teacher of so many great
scholars -- such as Rabbis Yoseph Polnoye, Dov Ber of
Mezritch, Levi Yitzchaak of Berdichev and others -- could
have been any less a scholar himself." 37.
Freeman also affirms that
there was a group of scholars of the Talmud and Kaballah, who
hid their identities and their true purpose.
"He [Baal Shem Tov]
was involved from his early youth with a society of
"hidden tzaddikim" who were scholars of Talmud and
Kaballa and travelled about incognito in an effort to
resurrect the Jewish life of Eastern Europe that was still
licking its wounds from the tragic pogroms of
The Jewish Encyclopœdia and
many other sources, recount that there were many other Baal
Shem's or Masters of the Name. Many had followers that used
their magical abilities to advantage.
"Another Ba'al Shem
of the same period was Heilprin, alias Joel Ben Uri of
Satanov, who, like Israel of Podolia, professed to perform
miracles by the use of the Divine Name and collected around
him many pupils, who, on the death of their master, "
formed a band of charlatans and shamelessly exploited the
credulity of their contemporaries. "4 " 39.
of all the Jews
One of the most famous and
important to this discussion of Baal Shems, is one who resided
in London. The famous "Ba'al Shem of London," was a
Cabalist Jew named Hayyim Samuel Jacob Falk, also called
Dr.Falk, Falc, de falk, or Falkon and who was born in 1708,
probably in Podolia. Falk was known as " the Chief of all
the Jews." His fellow Jews regarded him as an adherent of
the "Messiah" Shabbethai Zebi. 40a.
The following is a summary
of an account of the "Baal Shem of London" from the
Jewish Encyclopœdia, as sited by Nesta Webster.
"…Falk claimed to
possess thaumaturgic powers and to be able to discover
hidden treasure, Archenholz (England und Italien I, 249)
recounts certain marvels which he had seen performed by Falk
in Brunswick and which he attributes to a special knowledge
of chemistry. In Westphalia at one time Falk was sentenced
to be burned as a sorcerer, but escaped to England. Here he
was received with hospitality and rapidly gained fame as a
Cabalist and worker of miracles…an incantation would fill
his cellar with coal; plate left with pawnbroker would glide
back into his house. When a fire threatened to destroy the
Great Synagogue, he averted the disaster by writing four
Hebrew letters on the pillars of the door…"
[Obviously the Tetragrammaton]" 40b.
Falk died April 17, 1782
with the following epitaph on his grave, which:
"…bears witness to
his excellence and orthodoxy": "Here is
interred…the aged and honourable man, a great personage
who came from the East, an accomplished Sage, an adept in
Cabbalah…His name was known to the ends of the earth and
distant isles,…" 41.
There is a portrait of Falk
in the Jewish Encyclopœdia, of which Nesta Webster makes
these observations of his use of the double triangle:
"…in the curious
portrait of the great Ba'al Shem appended we see him holding
in his hand the pair of compasses, and before him, on the
table at which he is seated, the double triangle or Seal of
Solomon known amongst the Jews as "the Shield of
David", which forms an important emblem in
We know that the Shield of
David is none other than the Hexagram, and have already
established some of its use within Freemasonry above.
We must ask the question as
to how a Cabalist adept, a Master of the Name or Baal Shem, is
also known as a Freemason, with known connections to the
Illuminati. We must ask, Is there solid historical evidence
that unites not only the Kabbala and Freemasonry, but also the
Illuminati? Do the mystery religions of the East play the
uniting role? Through this, will we discover why the teachings
or wisdom of the ancients, which clearly comes from documented
Kabbalist and occult sources, is being promoted by Hebrew
Roots and associated groups, unknowingly or otherwise?
not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said
not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the Lord
speak righteousness, I declare things that are right."
Throughout this series,
there have been many quotes from Kabalistic sources which
state that the term Qabbalah, kabbalah, cabala or its many
variations means, "to receive." The suggested Hebrew
term used is QBLH, which is said to refer to the custom of
handing down the esoteric tradition by oral transmission and
is nearly allied to "tradition". We know that kabbalah is about a secret doctrine restricted to adepts and
their initiates, which is passed down through the ages.
Certain information is being publicly disseminated--but much
Strong's Concordance reveals
that the term 'qabal' does mean, "to receive" among
other things. It is a Chaldean word and it is noteworthy that
the Jewish Encyclopœdia article on Cabala associates the term
with miracle working cults:
"… All these ideas
derived from very ancient cults; even the act of working
miracles by the use of the Divine Name, which after the
appropriation of the Cabala by the Jews became the
particular practice of Jewish miracle workers, appears to
have originated in Chaldea. " 43
Babylon and Chaldea were
both judged by God for their corruption and paganism. Of
further note, is the fact that the term "Cabal" has
been assimilated into the English language. A dictionary
Cabal (ke bal).n. v.
-balled,-bal-ling---n. a small group of people working or
plotting in secret. 2. A secret scheme of such a group;
plot. v. form such a group; conspire; [<F> Med.L.
cabbala See:CABALA ] ---Syn.n. 1. Faction, junto,
conspiracy. (junto means-a political faction; a group of
Cabala… n. a secret
religious philosophy of the Jewish rabbis, based on a
mystical interpretation of Scriptures…<Hebrew qabbalah
If we turn to Strong's
Concordance and look at the Chaldean spelling of
"cabal", with a "c" rather than qabal, we
see an interesting correlation to the first dictionary
2254 - Chabal---khaw-bal;
a prim. root; to wind tightly (as a rope) i.e. to bind;
spec. by a pledge; fig. to pervert, destroy; als. to writhe
in pain (espec. of parturition)…bring forth (deal)
corrupt, destroy, offend, lay to (take a) pledge, spoil,
travail, x very, withhold.
2255 --chabal (Chald) khab-al;
corresp to 2254; to ruin--destroy, hurt.
2256 chebel , kheh-bel;
chebel (khay-bel) from
2254--a rope (as twisted) espec., a measuring line; by
impl. a district or inheritance (as measured) or a noose
(as of chords) fig. a company (as if tied together) also a
throe (espec. of parturition) also ruin…
2257 chabal (Chald), khab-al;
from 2255; harm (personal or pecuniary):-damage.
Kabbalah, Freemasonry and
the Illuminati are built on secret and layered meanings,
symbolism, initiation and other occult teachings. Is it
possible that the various definitions could be applied to
each? As we look to history the secret societies of adepts,
which have brought many into bondage through initiation into
theosophy, must be considered. Sadly, even with the evidence
already presented in these articles, many will reject any
notion that these connections relate to their various groups.
For the sake of the others who will be instructed, the
following sections will examine the further connections and
roots of the Hebrew Roots movement.
"Blessed are the
undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the Lord.
Blessed are they that keep his testimonies, and that seek
him with the whole heart."
- S. L. McGregor Mathers,
Introduction to the Kabbalah Unveiled; www.webvs.com/hogd/kabalah_unveiled.html
- A.E. Waite, The Real
History of the Rosicrucians, p. 293. As cited in Nesta
Webster, op.cit. p. 84.
- David Conway, Ritual
- Nesta H. Webster, op.cit.,
- Books on Qabalah;
- Gershom Scholem, "On
The Kabbalah And Its Symbolism," p.130 , Schocken
- Ibid. p. 130, 131, p. 132
- Promise Keepers News
October 1997 Article:"Stand in the Gap: What Can I
- 'The Shofar' by Rav
Shlomo Aviner Ateret Cohanim; The Jerusalem Reclamation
Project; Translated from 'Tal Chermon' by Bracha Slae.; email@example.com;
- Webster, op. cit., p. 13
- J.Davila; Ancient Magic,
Part III, Jewish Magic; www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~www_sd/magic.html)]
- The Senior Dictionary;
W.J.Gage Limited, Toronto
- Colin Low; Kabbalah Faq;
February 1996; www.digital-brilliance.com/Kab/index.htm
- Dr. Cathy Burns, Masonic
and Occult Symbols Illustrated; p. 31-41; Sharing; 1998,
- Private Email--used with
permission by the correspondent. Wed. February 24/99
- Dr. C. Burns, p. 39;
Masonic and Occult Symbols
- Mystic Masonry, 1913, p.
244-45; As cited Burns, op.cit., p. 215;
- Burns, op.cit., p.
293-310; p.349,350, 351, p.312
- Burns, op. cit, p.349
- "THE SOURCE FOR
EVERYTHING JEWISH catalogue (Early Spring 1999) Herschel
I. Strauss President, Hamakor Judaica, Inc., also: www.jewishsource.com
- Private Review of DAY OF
PLEASURE: STORIES OF A BOY GROWING UP IN WARSAW; Isaac
Bashevis Singer. Published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux of
New York 1969
- (2) Mackey, Lexicon of
Freemasonry, p. 156; as Cited in Webster op.cit., p.167
- Cathy Burns' HIDDEN
SECRETS OF FREEMASONRY, p. 309, quoting Albert Mackey's
SYMBOLS OF FREEMASONRY, p. 188:
- Ibid. Cathy Burns, p.
309; Mackey, p. 339:
- Kabbalah and Jewish
- Gershom Scholem, "On
The Kabbalah And Its Symbolism," p.200, Schocken
Encyclopaedia, article on Jews. (2) Diary of Samuel Pepys,
date of February 19, 1666.; As Cited Webster op.cit., p.
181 (3) Jewish Encyclopaedia, article on Shabbethai Zebi
- (3)Jewish Encyclopaedia,
article on Shabbethai Zebi B. Mordecai.; (1) Henry Hart
Milman, History of the Jews (Everyman's Library), Vol.II,
p. 445; As cited, Webster, op.cit., p. 181-182
- (2)Jewish Encyclopoedia,
article on Ba'al Shem Tob (3) Milman, op.cit.,II. 446; As
Cited Webster, op.cit. p.182.
- Scholem, op.cit., p.26
- Tzvi Freeman,
Article:Baal Shem Tov; 1991; Chabad Lubavitch in
- (4)Jewish Encyclopœdia,
article on Heilprin, Joel Ben Uri; as Cited in Webster,
- (40a & 40b) Cited in
Webster, op.cit, p.185; (1) Jewish Encyclopœdia, article
on Falk, of whom a good portrait by Copley is given. On
Falk se also Ars Quatuor Coronatorum, Vol. XXVI. Part
I.,pp 98-105, and Vol. XXX. Part II; Transactions of the
Jewish Historical Society, Vol. V.p. 148. Article on
"The Ba'al Shem of London," by the Rev. Dr. H.
Adler, Chief Rabbi, and Vol. VIII, "Notes on some
Contemporary References to Dr. Falk, the Ba'al Shem of
London," in the Rainsford MSS. At the British
Museum," by Gordon P. G. Hills. The following pages
are taken entirely from these sources."
- Webster, op. cit., p.188
- Ibid., p. 189
- Jewish Encyclopœdia
article on Cabala; as Cited Webster, op. cit. p. 13
- The Senior Dictionary;
W.J.Gage Limited, Toronto
Copyright . All articles are the sole property of SeekGod.ca and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.
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If you don't know Jesus Christ as your Lord and
Savior, and would like some help understanding His gift of
eternal salvation, please contact us. Saying a prayer
won't save you. Prayer is merely expressing to God how you
feel. Believing and repenting are just the beginning of
walking with Jesus Christ as Lord and