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Tithing Is It Scriptural for New Covenant Believers?
Under the Law or Led by the Spirit
Changes to the Covenant Through Christ
new <kainos> testament <diatheke>
From Strongs > new <kainos> 2537. kainov kainos, kahee-nos' of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while 3501 is properly so with respect to age:--new.
testament <diatheke> 1242. diayhkh diatheke, dee-ath-ay'-kay from 1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):--covenant, testament.
1303. diatiyemai diatithemai, dee-at-ith'-em-ahee >middle voice from 1223 and 5087; to put apart, i.e. (figuratively) dispose (by assignment, compact, or bequest):--appoint, make, testator.
The Scriptures state that all those who belong to Jesus Christ are the "royal priesthood'. Not pastors, not evangelists, not elders, not Hebrew Roots leadership and no longer based on the Levite lineage. Every single person who belongs to Jesus Christ, who is our only High Priest, becomes part of the 'royal priesthood,' and we are called to care for one another.[*56] [ Rev. 1:6]
1 Peter 2: 9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
All true believers are now "kings and priests unto God." As priests there is free access to the Father and we are to offer up the sacrifices of praise and thanksgiving daily. Instead of giving sacrifices as the Levite priesthood was commanded to do, we are called to give spiritual sacrifices and give this:
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
Just as holiness was required by the Levite priesthood, God calls us to be 'holy as He is holy.' We have no righteousness in ourselves, but all through Christ.
Phil 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
The Temple is changed, with the changing of the High Priest and the priesthood.
[Lev 26:12; 16:2, 1Kings 8:10-13]
Heb 9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. [*57]
17:24 God that made the world and all things therein,
seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not
in temples made with hands;
25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;
Jesus stated that worship would no longer be in Jerusalem or on the mount, but would instead be spiritual.
John 14:20 Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. 21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. 22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. 23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
The temple of the Holy Spirit becomes the bodies of those who belong to Christ, because God chooses to abide with those who come to Christ.
[1Co 3:1Co 6:19; 2Co 6:16; Eph 2:21-22; Heb 3:6]
John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you...23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.
our abode <mone> 3438. monh mone, mon-ay' from 3306; a staying, i.e. residence (the act or the place):--abode, mansion.
1Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.[*58]
1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
Instead of giving sacrifices for sin, we are called to approach the throne of grace, through Christ, and confess our sins, and repent of them, knowing they are forgiven because of the final sin sacrifice of Christ.
Hebrews 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; 26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. 27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
1 John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness...2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: 2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
Hebrews 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.
18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
No longer were the Levite priests responsible for bearing the iniquity of Israel and themselves. Christ bore the iniquities for us all, once for all. But now, those who do not accept His free gift of salvation will bear their own iniquities in God's judgment, as was always stated throughout the Scriptures. There is no more required sacrifice that is able to make atonement for sin.
Galatians 6:5 For every man shall bear his own burden.
Instead of having to be taught by the priests, we are told that the Holy Spirit will lead us into all Truth.
1 John 2:27 But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.
As prophesied, God will teach all, and dependence on man is not to be.[*59][Jer 17:7; Ps 2:12; 34:8; 125:1; 146:5; Pr 16:20; Isa 30:18] We are to fully depend on God for all, while knowing He has provided support and helps through the brethren, so we can all grow in grace and knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ. We are to study to show ourselves approved, and use the Sword of the Spirit which is the Word of God, to learn to discern between good and evil.
The high priest had to confess all the iniquities of the children of Israel to the Lord, laid hands on the animal sacrifices, and also transferred the sins to a live scapegoat, which was released into the wilderness. With Christ, the people, both Jew and Gentile, laid hands on Jesus at the appointed time and not before, and then He was sacrificed. The priest would have sprinkled the blood of the sacrificed animal on the mercy seat, while Christ went directly to the Father and the Holy of Holies in Heaven to accomplish this Himself. Jesus, our High Priest, makes intercession for us.
Hebrews 7:24 But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. 25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. 27 And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God...34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
The two sacrifices for sin were the same, but one was on earth and the other was in the heavenly realm. Except, that this time, God gave Himself to die for His children.[*60] [Isa 53:5-6,11; 2Co 5:21; 1Ti 1:15; Heb 1:3] Yet being God, Christ rose from the dead and is alive, and sits at the right hand of the Father, proof that He is God. After Christ's sacrifice God allowed the destruction of the temple, just as Christ had predicted in Matthew 24. [*61] The Second Temple was in fact leveled to the ground by 70 CE. With the destruction of the Temple, there has been no way to offer atonement or sin sacrifices or a Passover sacrifice according to the Torah. God removed the need of the animal sacrifices and the way of doing it according to the Law which He had initially given. Instead, repentance and prayer of a contrite heart, believing what God had said would take place and did take place, is what is needed.
[*62] [Lu 22:37]
Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. 9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Mark 15:28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.
Instead of giving the firstfruits of the increase for a tithe, we in fact are the firstfruits of Christ, and are of a spiritual increase, of souls.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Romans 8:21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. 23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
1 Corinthians 16:15 I beseech you, brethren, (ye know the house of Stephanas, that it is the firstfruits of Achaia, and that they have addicted themselves to the ministry of the saints,)
Instead of being unable to approach the inner sanctuary for fear of death, we are allowed access to the throne of grace through Jesus Christ.[*63][Ex 30:10; Le 16:2,11-12,15,34] That is why the veil was ripped from the top down when Christ was crucified. It was Almighty God who tore it away, to allow access to Himself.
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
Hebrews 10:18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin. 19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
The Apostle Paul also wrote about these concepts in Galatians, noting that God's promise to Abraham and his seed was not made conditional with the keeping of the law, but rather the fulfillment of the promises was dependent on the coming Mediator and New Covenant.. For example:
Galatians 3:18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. 19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. 20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. 21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. 22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. 23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. [See also Ro 3; 4; 9; 11:6]
Despite the changes that came about with Christ dying once for all, and the change in the Priesthood and the Laws, there are many Christians and Hebraic roots adherents who are looking forward to the reinstitution of the Temple and the sacrifices. Many do so in belief they are upholding the Jews who have not accepted Christ as the awaited Messiah. Some in fact, desire the rebuilding of the Temple so that they can again make sacrifice for sins, using the argument that there is no more covering for "intentional sin". This argument is supported by quoting part of a passage out of context, and the 'red heifer' is apparently in place for purification rituals.
That is in sharp contrast to some rabbinic teachings that state that even if the Temple was rebuilt there will be no more animal sacrifices:
"...With the destruction of the Temple, the rabbis state that prayer and good deeds took the place of sacrifice..."
"...human conduct will have advanced to such high standards that there will no longer be need for animal sacrifices to atone for sins. Only nonanimal sacrifices (grains, for example) to express gratitude to God would remain. There is a Midrash (rabbinic teaching based on Jewish values and tradition) that states: "In the Messianic era, all offerings will cease except the thanksgiving offering, which will continue forever. This seems consistent with the belief of Rabbi Kook and others, based on the prophecy of Isaiah (11:6-9), that people and animals will be vegetarian in that time, and "none shall hurt nor destroy in all My Holy mountain."
[Frequently Asked Questions About Animal Sacrifices and the Messianic Period by Richard H. Schwartz, Ph.D; www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/vegsacrifices.html]
Many Messianics and Hebrew Roots advocates have even stated that Jesus will lead the sacrifices once He returns, while failing to recognize that Hebrews clearly states that there will be no more sacrifices.
Heb 5:3 And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins. 4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron. 5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. 6 As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
10:18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,
Many do not recognize that Christ was the final sacrifice, so they desire to follow the Law of Moses. The reinstatement of the Temple and the sacrifices for sins, would also necessitate the reinstatement of the Levite Priesthood and of course the care of them through the tithe Law. That would necessitate the having of a different High Priest. And for those who belong to Jesus Christ, there is only one High Priest, as proclaimed in the Word of God. If a believer, therefore, goes to or desires that Temple, it is an affront to Christ's finished work. Jesus clearly told us:
Mt 12:6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.
God in fact many times has stated that He never desired sacrifices and offerings, but rather contrite hearts and a living relationship with Him. Even the rabbinic commentators noted that sacrifice was not an actual commandment, but rather something that was to be given willingly:
"...Rashi indicated that God did not want the Israelites to bring sacrifices; it was their choice. He bases this on the haphtorah (portion from the Prophets) read on the Sabbath when the book of Leviticus which discusses sacrifices is read:
I have not burdened thee with a meal-offering, Nor wearied thee with frankincense. (Isaiah 43:23)
Biblical commentator David Kimhi (1160-1235) also stated that the sacrifices were voluntary. He ascertained this from the words of Jeremiah:
For I spoke not unto your fathers, nor commanded them on the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt-offerings or sacrifices; but this thing I commanded them, saying, "Obey my voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be my people; and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. (Jeremiah 7:22-23)
David Kimchi, notes that nowhere in the Ten Commandments is there any reference to sacrifice, and even when sacrifices are first mentioned (Lev. 1:2) the expression used is "when any man of you bringeth an offering," the first Hebrew we ki being literally "if", implying that it was a voluntary act. "
[Frequently Asked Questions About Animal Sacrifices and the Messianic Period by Richard H. Schwartz, Ph.D; www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/vegsacrifices.html]
The Scriptures show where God stated this concept and Jesus, who is God manifest in the flesh, reiterated the teaching:
Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
Matthew 12:7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. [*65] [Mic 6:6-8; Isa 1:11-16; Am 5:21-4; Pr. 21: 3; 1Sa 15:22; Ps 50:8-9; Ec 5:1; Isa 1:11; Jer 22:16; Joh 17:3]
Matthew 9:13 But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
What is missed by those who say they believe Christ, is that just as we rewrite or update our wills over the years, as our circumstances change, there are concepts brought forward from the original document and rewritten to cover the changes that have taken place. Some concepts can no longer be used, but others must be adjusted to the changed circumstances. But any preceding wills are void or annulled, and the New is the one that is binding. Not because the original was not good and valid when written and enforced, but because of the need for change. And in this case, by God's promise and decree.
For Tithing Scriptures > tithescripts.htm and tithescripts2.htm
Next: Tithing Part 4: From The Law To The Covenant of Grace
Tithing Is It Scriptural for New Covenant Believers? Introduction
Tithing Part 1: The Purpose of the Tithe and The Priesthood
Tithing Part 2: The Prophesied New Covenant
All Scriptures From the King James Bible
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