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 Hebrew Roots, The Four Waves & Their Roots

 Shepherds in Disguise OR Wolves in Sheep's Clothing ...

The Charismatic Movement ~ The Third Wave


“Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravening wolves.”

“Ye shall know them by their fruits…” Matthew 7:15-16a

In the previous articles on the Hebrew Roots Movement and it's connections, the history of the Messianic Movement was discussed. From that came the information that over 90% of Messianic congregations are Charismatic. The Charismatic Movement was considered the 3rd Wave of Dean Cozzens Prophecy. 

In order to understand what is taking place we need to understand the charismatic movement, those who founded and endorse it. The University of Virginia defines the vastness of the Charismatic movement and its ecumenical root. “In 1993, an estimated 200 million believers, from all over the world, had been drawn from the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations, including Methodist, Lutheran, Presbyterian, and Episcopalian into the Charismatic Movement.” 1

“The Charismatic Movement (or neo-Pentecostalism) derives its name from the Greek word charismata >,> meaning "gifts of the spirit." These gifts include baptism in the Holy Spirit, speaking in tongues, prophesying, and the gift of healing. The movement teaches that the Holy Spirit, who first manifested these gifts and powers to Christians in the apostolic age, still grants them to believers today.

 For charismatics, baptism in the Holy Spirit is an intense, spiritual "breakthrough", signaling one's transition into the charismatic faith. It is a renewal of one's relationship with God, and it signifies his or her recognition of the charismata. The baptism is often accompanied by the laying on of hands and glossolalia, or speaking in tongues. >

 “…Although some charismatics may trace their religious roots to the biblical day of Pentecost, when the Spirit bestowed the spiritual gifts on early Christians, the movement is generally thought to have stemmed from Pentecostalism [] and the Holiness Movement. [] The Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Burgess and McGee, eds.) defines the Charismatic movement as "all manifestations of Pentecostal-type Christianity that in some way differ from classical Pentecostalism in affiliation and/or doctrine." Unlike mainline Pentecostals, Charismatic believers are not required to speak in tongues to show proof of their baptism in the Spirit. They come from many religious backgrounds, including most Protestant denominations and the Roman Catholic Church. The Charismatic movement is, therefore, unique because most members are encouraged to retain their original church membership when they join” [bolding added]

“…The groundwork for the movement, however, was laid earlier in the 1940-50's by Oral Roberts and the Full Gospel Business Men's Fellowship International (FGBMFI) . Roberts' television broadcasts familiarized viewers with the Pentecostal phenomenon of glossolalia and healing. The FGBMFI held large conventions to introduce non-Pentecostals to charismatic-type fellowship and interaction.  

It perhaps should be restated, mainline Pentecostals require tongues speaking as proof of baptism in the Spirit. Many wish to suggest that it is the Charismatic movement that is the problem. However, according to Dean Cozzen's teachings, the Pentecostal movement was considered the "first wave" and each wave has built upon the other in order to end up involved in the focus of manifestations and experiential based religion. Cozzens and adherents view each wave as godly, hence the view would be that all are valid. It is noteworthy that apprehensions about the Charismatic movement were addressed by the 1976 recipient of the Templeton Prize, Cardinal Suenens.  According to the website of The John Templeton Foundation:  

"1976 -- Leon Joseph Cardinal Suenens" 

"Cardinal Suenens, Archbishop of Malines-Brussels, Belgium, was a pioneer in the research and discourse of the Charismatic Renewal Movement. As the movement gained popularity in the early 1970s, many worried what effect this ancient, Biblical phenomenon would have on modern Christianity. The Cardinal's enlightened discourse on the movement provided guidance and reassurance, eliminating misunderstanding and offering thoughtful insight to followers and observers alike."

Recipients of the Templeton Prize have included Catholics, Buddhists, Hindus, and others involved in the Ecumenical movement such as Bill Bright, Billy Graham and Chuck Colson. From the same website is the description of those who would qualify to be recipients of this award.  

"Recipients of the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion represent a brilliantly diverse spectrum of disciplines, personalities, and spiritual backgrounds. Since its founding in 1972, however, the doctors, lawyers, biologists, physicists, religious leaders, and other men and women who have won the prize all share at least one thing in common: Each showed outstanding humanitarianism in their pursuits. Here follow brief profiles of each Templeton Prize winner since the inaugural award in 1973."

The charismatic movement originated out of the Pentecostal and Holiness movements and also the Keswick “Higher Life” movement. Vinson Synan, a Pentecostal, writes:

 “…the Keswick "Higher Life" movement…flourished in England after 1875. Led at first by American holiness teachers such as Hannah Whitall Smith and William E. Boardman, the Keswick teachers soon changed the goal and content of the "second blessing" from the Wesleyan emphasis on "heart purity" to that of an "enduement of spiritual power for service." Thus, by the time of the Pentecostal outbreak in America in 1901, there had been at least a century of movements emphasizing a second blessing called the "baptism in the Holy Spirit" with various interpretations concerning the content and results of the experience. In America, such Keswick teachers as A.B. Simpson and A.J. Gordon also added to the movement at large an emphasis on divine healing "as in the atonement" and the premillenial rapture of the church. 3 

"...After 1875, the American holiness movement, influenced by the Keswick emphasis began to stress the pentecostal aspects of the second blessings, some calling the experience "pentecostal sanctification." 4

The idea of needing a second baptism in order to have the Holy Spirit or some aspect of the Holy Spirit’s gifts, defies the Scriptures such as : 

Romans 8:9-10 “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.”

1 Corinthians 3:16 “Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?”

The Holiness movement came into controversy with its radical and unbiblical teachings such as sinless perfection and the “third baptism of fire.”

"...The holiness movement enjoyed the support of the churches until about 1880 when developments disturbing to ecclesiastical leaders began to emerge. Among these was a "come-outer" movement led by radicals who abandoned any prospects of renewing the existing churches. Led by such men as John B. Brooks, author of The Divine Church, and Daniel Warner, founder of the "Evening Light" Church of God in Anderson, Indiana, this movement spelled the beginning of the end of the dream of remaking the churches in a holiness image. At the same time, other radicals began promoting such new teachings as "sinless perfection," a strict dress code of outward holiness, "marital purity," and a "third blessing" baptism of fire after the experience of sanctification.” 5  

1 John 1:8 reminds us, “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.”

Next Section: Charisma with Latter Rain


1.    University of Virginia; Article: The Charismatic Movement;

2.       Ibid  

3.       Origins of the Pentecostal Movement, by Vinson Synan, Ph.D.

4.       Ibid.



Copyright . All articles are the sole property of and Vicky Dillen. All Scripture King James Version unless otherwise stated.

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